(written from a Production point of view)
|Star Trek: The Motion Picture|
|Release date: 7 December 1979|
|1st of 12 Star Trek films||→|
|←||102nd of 728 released in all||→|
Alan Dean Foster
"The Human adventure is just beginning..."
"Ten years ago, a television phenomenon became a part of life, shared in 47 different languages, read in 469 publications, and seen by 1.2 billion people. A common experience remembered around the world. Now Paramount Pictures brings the memory to life."
- - 1979 TV ad
After an eighteen-month refit process, the USS Enterprise is ready to explore the galaxy once again. But when a huge, invincible cloud approaches Earth, Admiral James T. Kirk must assume command of his old ship in order to stop it. Crew members old and new face new challenges, and must work together to triumph over the unknown.
In Klingon space, three Klingon K't'inga-class battle cruisers are patrolling an area and encounter a huge cloud-like anomaly. On the bridge of IKS Amar, the captain orders his crew to fire torpedoes at it, but they have no effect. The captain orders retreat.
Meanwhile, in Federation space, a listening post, Epsilon IX, picks up a distress signal from one of the Klingon ships. As the three ships are attempting to escape the cloud, a "bolt" of plasma energy emerges and destroys each ship one by one. On Epsilon IX, the crew tracks the course of the cloud and discovers that it is headed on a precise course for Earth.
On the planet Vulcan, Spock has been undergoing the kolinahr ritual, in which he has been learning how to purge all of his remaining emotions, and is nearly finished with his training. The lead elder tells Spock of how their ancestors had long ago cast out all animal passions on those sands, and says that their race was saved by attaining kolinahr, which another elder describes as the final purging of all emotion. The lead elder tells Spock he has labored long and she prepares to give him a symbol of total logic. She is about to give him an necklace, when Spock reaches out and stops her, clearly disturbed by something out in space. She asks for a mind meld, to which Spock complies. She discovers that the alien intelligence which has called to him from deep space has stirred his Human half. She drops the necklace and states, "You have not yet achieved kohlinahr.", and then tells the other elders, "His answer lies elsewhere. He will not achieve his goal with us." Then she bids him farewell, telling him to "live long and prosper".
Meanwhile, at the Presidio campus of Starfleet Headquarters in San Francisco, Admiral James T. Kirk arrives in air tram 3. As he steps out, he sees Commander Sonak, a Vulcan science officer who is joining the Enterprise crew and was recommended for the position by Kirk himself. Kirk is bothered as to why Sonak is not on board yet. Sonak explains that Captain Decker, the new captain of the USS Enterprise, wanted him to complete his science briefing at Starfleet Headquarters before departing. The Enterprise has been undergoing a complete refitting for the past 18 months and is now under final preparations to leave drydock, which would take at least twenty hours, but Kirk informs him that they only have 12. He tells Sonak to report to him on the Enterprise in one hour – he has a short meeting with Admiral Nogura and is intent on being on the Enterprise.
Following the meeting, Kirk transports to an orbital office complex of the San Francisco Fleet Yards and meets Montgomery Scott, chief engineer of the Enterprise. Scotty expresses his concern about the tight departure time. Kirk explains that an alien object is less than three days away from Earth, and the Enterprise has been ordered to intercept it because they are the only ship in range. Scotty says that the refit, a process that took eighteen months, can't be finished in twelve hours, and tries to convince him that the ship needs more work done as well as a shakedown cruise. Kirk insists that they are leaving, ready or not. They board a travel pod and begin the journey over to the drydock in orbit that houses the Enterprise.
Scotty tells Kirk that the crew hasn't had enough transition time with all the new equipment and that the engines haven't even been tested at warp power, not to mention that they have an untried captain. Kirk tells Scotty that two and a half years as Chief of Starfleet Operations may have made him a little stale, but that he wouldn't exactly consider himself untried. Kirk then tells a surprised Scotty that Starfleet gave him back his command of the Enterprise. Scotty comments that he doubts it was so easy with Admiral Nogura, and Kirk tells him he's right. They arrive at the Enterprise, and Scotty gives Kirk a brief tour of the new exterior of the ship.
Upon docking with the ship, Scotty is immediately called to engineering. Kirk goes up to the bridge, and is informed by Lt. Commander Uhura that Starfleet has just transferred command from Captain Decker over to him, and she, along with several other crewmembers including Sulu and Chekov, step forward to greet Kirk, who appreciates the welcome but wishes it were under more pleasant circumstances. Kirk makes his way to the new engine room, where Captain Decker is assisting Scotty with launch preparations. He becomes visibly upset when Kirk tells him that he is assuming command. Decker will remain on the ship as as executive officer and temporarily demoted to commander. As Decker storms off, an alarm sounds. Someone is trying to beam over to the ship, but the transporter is malfunctioning. Kirk and Scotty race to the transporter room. Transporter operator Janice Rand is frantically trying to tell Starfleet to abort the transport, but it is too late. Commander Sonak and an unknown female officer are beaming in, but their bodies aren't re-forming properly in the transporter beam. The female officer screams horrifically, and then their bodies disappear. Starfleet tells them that they have died. Kirk tells Starfleet to express his sympathies to their families.
In the corridor, Kirk sees Decker and tells him they will have to replace Commander Sonak and that he wants another Vulcan, if possible. Decker tells him that no one is available that is familiar with the ship's new design. Kirk tells Decker he will have to double his duties as science officer as well.
In the Enterprise's recreation room, as Kirk briefs the assembled crew on the mission, they receive a transmission from Epsilon IX. Commander Branch tells them they have analyzed the mysterious cloud. It generates an immense amount of energy and measures 82 AUs (only 2 AUs in the director's edition) in diameter. There is also a vessel of some kind in the center. They've tried to communicate with it, but there was no response. The lieutenant reports that further scans indicate something inside the cloud, but all scans get reflected back. It seems to think of the scans as hostile and attacks them. Like the Klingon ships earlier, Epsilon IX is destroyed. Kirk informs the crew that the pre-launch countdown will begin in 40 minutes and the assembled crew leaves to attend to their duties.
Later on the bridge, Uhura informs Kirk that the transporter is fully repaired and functioning properly now. Lt. Ilia, Deltan navigator arrives. Decker is happy to see her, as they developed a romantic relationship when he was assigned to her planet several years earlier. Ilia is curious about Decker's reduction in rank and Kirk interrupts and tells her about Decker being the executive and science officer. Decker tells her, with slight sarcasm, that Kirk has the utmost confidence in him. Ilia tells Kirk that her oath of celibacy is on record and asks permission to assume her duties. Uhura tells Kirk that one of the last few crew members to arrive is refusing to beam up. Kirk goes to the transporter room to ensure that the person is beamed up.
Kirk tells Starfleet to beam the officer aboard. Dr. McCoy with a thick beard materializes on the platform. McCoy is angry that his Starfleet commission was reactivated. He realizes that Kirk is responsible for the draft. His attitude changes, however, when Kirk says he desperately needs him. McCoy leaves to check out the new sickbay, grumbling about all the new changes to the Enterprise.
The crew finishes its repairs and the Enterprise leaves drydock and into the solar system at impulse.
- "Captain's log, star-date 7412.6. 1.8 hours from launch. In order to intercept the intruder at the earliest possible time, I must now risk engaging warp drive while still within the solar system."
A clean-shaven Dr. McCoy comes up to the bridge and complains that the new sickbay is nothing but a "damned computer centre." Kirk is anxious to intercept the cloud intruder at the earliest possible opportunity, and orders Hikaru Sulu to go to warp speed. Suddenly, the ship enters a wormhole, which was created by an engine imbalance, and is about to collide with an asteroid that has been pulled inside. Kirk orders the phasers to be fired on it, but Decker tells Chekov to fire photon torpedoes instead. The asteroid and the wormhole are destroyed. Annoyed, Kirk wants to meet with Decker in his quarters. McCoy decides to come along.
Once in Kirk's quarters, Kirk demands an explanation from Decker. Decker pointed out that the redesigned Enterprise now channels the phasers through the main engines and because they were imbalanced, the phasers were automatically cut off. Kirk acknowledged that he had saved the ship – however, he accuses Decker of competing with him. Decker tells Kirk that, because of his unfamiliarity with the ship's new design, the mission is in serious jeopardy. Decker tells Kirk that he will gladly help him understand the new design. Kirk then dismisses him from the room. In the corridor, Decker runs into Ilia. Ilia asked if the confrontation was difficult, and he tells her that it was about as difficult as seeing her again, and apologizes. She asked if he was sorry for leaving Delta IV, or for not saying goodbye. He said that if he had seen her again, would she be able to say goodbye? She says "no," and goes to her quarters nearby.
Back in Kirk's quarters, McCoy accuses Kirk of being the one who was competing, and the fact that it was Kirk who used the emergency to pressure Starfleet into letting him get command of the Enterprise. McCoy thinks that Kirk is obsessed with keeping his command. On Kirk's console viewscreen, Uhura informs Kirk that a Starfleet registered shuttlecraft is approaching and that the occupant wishes to dock. Chekov also pipes in and replies that it appears to be a courier vessel. Kirk tells Chekov to handle the situation. Kirk asks McCoy is he has anything more to add, to which McCoy silently states "that depends on you" and leaves.
The shuttle approaches the Enterprise from behind, and the top portion of it detaches and docks at an airlock just behind the bridge. Chekov is waiting by the airlock doors and is surprised to see Spock come aboard. Moments later, Spock arrives on the bridge, and everyone is shocked and pleased to see him, yet Spock ignores them. He moves over to the science station and tells Kirk that he is aware of the crisis and knows about the ship's engine design difficulties.
He offers to step in as the science officer. McCoy and Dr. Christine Chapel come to the bridge to greet Spock, but he only looks at them coldly and does not reply to them. Uhura tries to speak to Spock, but he ignores her and tells Kirk that with his permission, he will go to engineering and discuss his fuel equations with Scotty. As Spock walks into the turbolift, Kirk stops him and welcomes him aboard. But Spock makes no reply and continues into the turbolift.
- "Captain's log, star date 7413.4. Thanks to Mr. Spock's timely arrival and assistance, we have the engines rebalanced into full warp capacity. Repair time, less than three hours. Which means we will now be able to intercept intruder while still more than a day away from Earth."
With Spock's assistance, the engines are now rebalanced for full warp capacity. The ship successfully goes to warp to intercept the cloud. In the officers lounge, Spock meets with Kirk and McCoy. They discuss Spock's kolinahr training on Vulcan, and how Spock broke off from his training to join them. Spock describes how he sensed the consciousness of the intruder, from a source more powerful that he has ever encountered, with perfect, logical thought patterns. He believes that it holds the answers he seeks. Uhura tells Kirk over the intercom that they have made visual contact with the intruder.
The cloud scans the ship, but Kirk orders no return scans. Spock determines that the scans are coming from the center of the cloud. Uhura reports that she's transmitting full friendship messages on all frequencies, but there is no response. Decker suggests raising the shields for protection, but Kirk determines that that might be considered hostile to the cloud. Spock analyzes the clouds composition, and discovers it has a 12-power energy field, the equivalent of power generated by thousands of starships.
Sitting at the science station, Spock awakens from a brief trance. He reveals to Kirk that the alien was communicating with him. The alien is puzzled – it contacted the Enterprise – why has the Enterprise not replied? Before they can think further, a red alert sounds, and an plasma bolt beam from within the cloud hits the ship, and begins to overload the ship's systems. Bolts of lightning surround the warp core and nearly injure some engineering officers, but Chekov was hurt – his hand is burned while sitting at the weapons station on the bridge. The bolt then finally disappears, and Scotty reports deflector power is down seventy percent. A medical team is called to the bridge, and Ilia is able to use her telepathic powers to soothe Chekov's pain.
Spock confirms to Kirk that the alien has been attempting to communicate. It communicates at a frequency of more than one million megahertz, and at such a high rate of speed, the message only lasts a millisecond. Spock programs to computer to send linguacode messages at that frequency. Another energy beam is sent out, but Spock transmits a message just in time, and the beam disappears. The ship continues on course through the cloud. They pass through many expansive and colorful cloud layers and upon clearing these, a giant vessel is revealed. Kirk asks for an evaluation and Spock reports that the vessel is generating a force field greater than the radiation of Earth's sun. Kirk tells Uhura to transmit an image of the alien to Starfleet, but she explains that any transmission sent out of the cloud is being reflected back to them. Kirk orders Sulu to fly above and along the top of the vessel.
As Enterprise moves in front of the alien vessel and holds position, an alarm sounds, and yet another energy bolt approaches the ship. The crew struggles to shield their eyes from its brilliant glow. Chekov asks Spock if it is one of the alien's crew, and Spock replies that it is a probe sent from the vessel. The probe slowly moves around the room and stops in front of the science station. Bolts of lightning shoot out from it and surround the console – it is trying to access the ship's computer. Spock manages to smash the controls to prevent further access, and the probe gives him an electric shock that sends him rolling onto the floor. The probe approaches the navigation console and it scans Lt. Ilia. Suddenly, she vanishes, along with the probe and the tricorder she was holding falls to the floor.
Another alert goes off, reporting helm control has been lost. Spock reports they've been caught by a tractor beam and Kirk orders someone up to take the navigator's station. Decker calls for Chief DiFalco to come up to the bridge as Ilia's replacement. The ship travels deep into the next chamber. Decker wonders why they were brought inside – they could have been easily destroyed outside. Spock deduces that the alien is curious about them. Uhura's monitor shows that the aperture is closing – they are now trapped. The ship is released from the tractor beam and suddenly, an intruder alert goes off. Someone has come aboard the ship and is in the crew quarters section.
Kirk and Spock arrive inside a crewman's quarters to discover that the intruder is inside the sonic shower. It is revealed to be Ilia, although it isn't really her – there is a small red device attached to her neck. In a mechanized voice, she replies, "You are the Kirk unit, you will listen to me." She explains that she has been programmed by an entity called "V'ger" to observe and record the normal functions of the carbon-based units "infesting" the Enterprise. Kirk opens the shower door and "Ilia" steps out, wearing a small white garment that just materialized around her. Dr. McCoy and a security officer enter the room, and Kirk tells McCoy to scan her with a tricorder.
Kirk asks her who V'ger is. She replies, "V'ger is that which programmed me." McCoy tells Kirk that Ilia is a mechanism and Spock confirms she is a probe that assumed Ilia's physical form. Kirk asks where the real Ilia is, and the probe states that "that unit" no longer functions. Kirk also asks why V'ger is traveling to Earth, and the probe answers that it wishes to find the Creator, join with him, and become one with it. Spock suggests that McCoy perform a complete examination of the probe.
In sickbay, the Ilia probe lays on a diagnostic table, its sensors slowly taking readings. All normal body functions, down to the microscopic level, are exactly duplicated by the probe. Decker arrives and is stunned to see her there. She looks up at him and addresses him as "Decker", rather than "Decker unit," which intrigues Spock. Spock talks with Kirk and Decker in an adjoining room, and Spock locks the door. Spock theorizes that the real Ilia's memories and feelings have been duplicated by the probe as well as her body. Decker is angry that the probe killed Ilia, but Kirk convinces him that their only contact with the vessel is through the probe, and they need to use that advantage to find out more about the alien. Suddenly, the probe bursts through the door, and demands that Kirk assist her with her observations. He tells her that Decker will do it with more efficiency. After Decker and the probe leave, Spock expresses concern to Kirk of that being their only source of information.
- "Captain's log, stardate 7414.1: Our best estimates place us some four hours from Earth. No significant progress thus far reviving Ilia memory patterns within the alien probe. This remains our only means of contact with our captor."
Decker and Ilia are seen walking around in the recreation room. He shows her pictures of previous ships that were named Enterprise. Decker has been trying to see if Ilia's memories or emotions can resurface, but to no avail. Kirk and McCoy are observing them covertly on a monitor from his quarters. Decker shows her a game that the crew enjoys playing. She is not interested and states that recreation and enjoyment has no meaning to her programming. At another game, which Ilia enjoyed and nearly always won, they both press one of their hands down onto a table to play it. The table lights up, indicating she won the game, and she gazes into Decker's eyes. This moment of emotion ends suddenly, and she returns to normal. "This device serves no purpose."
"Why does the Enterprise require the presence of carbon units?", she asks. Decker tells her the ship couldn't function without them. She tells him that more information is needed before the crew can be patterned for data storage. Horrified, he asks her what this means. "When my examination is complete, all carbon units will be reduced to data patterns." He tells her that within her are the memory patterns of a certain carbon unit. He convinces her to let him help her revive those patterns so that she can understand their functions better. She allows him to proceed.
Decker, the probe, Dr. McCoy, and Dr. Chapel are in Ilia's quarters. Dr. Chapel gives the probe a decorative headband that Ilia used to wear. Chapel puts it over "Ilia's" head and turns her toward a mirror. Decker asks her if she remembers wearing it on Delta IV. The probe shows another moment of emotion, saying Dr. Chapel's name, and putting her hand on Decker's face, calling him Will. Behind them, McCoy reminds Decker that she is a mechanism. Decker asks "Ilia" to help them make contact with V'ger. She says that she can't, and Decker asks her who the Creator is. She says V'ger does not know. The probe becomes emotionless again and removes the headband.
Spock is now outside the ship in a space suit with an attached thruster pack. He begins recording a log entry for Kirk detailing his attempt to contact the alien. He activates a panel on the suit and calculates thruster ignition and acceleration to coincide with the opening of an aperture ahead of him. He hopes to get a better view of the spacecraft interior.
Kirk comes up to the bridge and Uhura tells him that Starfleet signals are growing stronger, indicating they are very close to Earth. Starfleet is monitoring the intruder and notifies Uhura that it is slowing down in its approach. Sulu confirms this and says that lunar beacons show the intruder is entering into orbit. Chekov tells Kirk that Airlock 4 has been opened and a thruster suit is missing. Kirk figures out that Spock has done it, and orders Chekov to get Spock back on the ship. He changes his mind, and instead tells him to determine his position.
Spock touches a button on his thruster panel and his thruster engine ignites. He is propelled forward rapidly, and enters the next chamber of the vessel just before the aperture closes behind him. The thruster engine shuts down, and the momentum carries Spock ahead further. He disconnects the thruster pack from his suit and it falls away from him.
Continuing his log entry, Spock sees an image of what he believes to be V'ger's homeworld. He passes through a tunnel filled with crackling plasma energy, possibly a power source for a gigantic imaging system. Next, he sees several more images of planets, moons, stars, and galaxies stored and recorded. Spock theorizes that this may be a visual representation of V'ger's entire journey. "But who or what are we dealing with?", he ponders.
He sees the Epsilon IX station, and notes to Kirk that he is convinced that all of what he is seeing is V'ger, and that they are inside a living machine. Then he sees a giant image of Lt. Ilia with the sensor on her neck. Spock decides it must have some special meaning, so he attempts to mind meld with it. He is quickly overwhelmed by the multitude of images flooding his mind, and falls back unconscious.
Kirk is now in a space suit and has exited the ship. The aperture in front of the Enterprise opens, and Spock's unconscious body floats toward him. Later, Dr. Chapel and Dr. McCoy are examining Spock in sickbay. Dr. McCoy performs scans and determines that Spock endured massive neurological trauma from the mind meld. Spock tells Kirk he should have known and Kirk asks if he was right about V'ger. Spock calls it a conscious, living entity. Kirk explains that V'ger considers the Enterprise a living machine and it's why "Ilia" refers to the ship as an entity and the crew as an infestation.
Spock describes V'ger's homeworld as a planet populated by living machines with unbelievable technology. But with all that logic and knowledge, V'ger is barren, with no mystery or meaning. He momentarily lapses into sleep but Kirk rouses him awake to ask what Spock should have known. Spock grasps Kirk's hand and tells him, "This simple feeling is beyond V'ger's comprehension. No meaning, no hope. And Jim, no answers. It's asking questions. 'Is this all that I am? Is there nothing more?'"
Uhura chimes in and tells Kirk that they are getting a faint signal from Starfleet. The intruder has been on their monitors for a while and the cloud is rapidly dissipating as it approaches. Sulu also comments that the intruder has slowed to sub-warp speed and is three minutes from Earth orbit. Kirk acknowledges and he, McCoy and Spock go up to the bridge.
Starfleet sends the Enterprise a tactical report on the intruders position. Uhura tells Kirk that V'ger is transmitting a signal. Decker and "Ilia" come up to the bridge, and she says that V'ger is signalling the Creator. Spock determines that the transmission is a radio signal. Decker tells Kirk that V'ger expects an answer, but Kirk doesn't know the question. Then "Ilia" says that the Creator has not responded. An energy bolt is released from V'ger and positions itself above Earth. Chekov reports that all planetary defense systems have just gone inoperative. Several more bolts are released, and they all split apart to form smaller ones and they assume equidistant positions around the planet.
McCoy notices that the bolts are the same ones that hit the ship earlier, and Spock says that these are hundreds of times more powerful, and from those positions, they can destroy all life on Earth. "Why?", Kirk asks "Ilia." She says that the carbon unit infestation will be removed from the Creator's planet as they are interfering with the Creator's ability to respond and accuses the crew of infesting the Enterprise and interfering in the same manner. Kirk tells "Ilia" that carbon units are a natural function of the Creator's planet and they are living things, not infestations. However "Ilia" says they are not true life forms like the Creator. McCoy realizes V'ger must think its creator is a machine.
Spock compares V'ger to a child, and suggests they treat it like one. McCoy retorts that this child is about to wipe out every living thing on Earth. To get "Ilia's" attention, Kirk says that the carbon units know why the Creator hasn't responded. The Ilia probe demands that Kirk "disclose the information." Kirk won't do it until V'ger withdraws all the orbiting devices. In response to this, V'ger cuts off the ship's communications with Starfleet. She tells him again to disclose the information. He refuses, and a plasma energy attack shakes the ship. McCoy tells Spock that the child is having a "tantrum."
Kirk tells the probe that if V'ger destroys the Enterprise, then the information it needs will also be destroyed. Ilia says that it is illogical to withhold the required information, and asks him why he won't disclose it. Kirk explains it is because V'ger is going to destroy all life on Earth. "Ilia" says that they have oppressed the Creator, and Kirk makes it clear he will not disclose anything. V'ger needs the information, says "Ilia." Kirk says that V'ger will have to withdraw all the orbiting devices. "Ilia" says that V'ger will comply, if the carbon units give the information.
Spock tells Kirk that V'ger must have a central brain complex. Kirk theorizes that the orbiting devices are controlled from there. Kirk tells "Ilia" that the information can't be disclosed to V'ger's probe, but only to V'ger itself. "Ilia" stares at the viewscreen, and, in response, the aperture opens and drags the ship forward with a tractor beam into the next chamber. Chekov tells Kirk that the energy bolts will reach their final positions and activate in 27 minutes. Kirk calls to Scotty on the intercom and tells him to stand by to execute Starfleet Order 2005 – the self-destruct command. A female crewmember asks Scotty why Kirk ordered self-destruct, and Scotty tells her that Kirk hopes that when they explode, so will the intruder.
The countdown is now down to 18 minutes. DiFalco reports that they have traveled 17 kilometers inside the vessel. Kirk goes over to Spock's station, and sees that Spock has been crying. "Not for us," Kirk realizes. Spock tells him he is crying for V'ger, and that he weeps for V'ger as he would for a brother. As he was when he came aboard the Enterprise, so is V'ger now – empty, incomplete, and searching. Logic and knowledge are not enough. McCoy realizes Spock has found what he needed, but that V'ger hasn't. Decker wonders what V'ger would need to fulfil itself.
Spock comments that each one of us, at some point in our lives asks, "Why am I here?" "What was I meant to be?" V'ger hopes to touch its Creator and find those answers. DiFalco directs Kirk's attention to the viewscreen. Ahead of them is a structure with a bright light. Sulu reports that forward motion has stopped. Chekov replies that an oxygen/gravity envelope has formed outside of the ship. "Ilia" points to the structure on the screen and identifies it as V'ger. Uhura has located the source of the radio signal and it is straight ahead. A passageway forms outside the ship as Kirk, Spock, McCoy, Decker, and "Ilia" enter a turbolift.
The landing party exits an airlock on the top of the saucer section and walks up the passageway. At the end of the path is a concave structure, and in the center of it is an old NASA probe from three centuries earlier. Kirk tries to rub away the smudges on the nameplate and makes out the letters "V G E R". He continues to rub, and discovers that the craft is actually Voyager 6. Kirk recalls the history of the Voyager program – it was designed to collect data and transmit it back to Earth. Decker tells Kirk that Voyager 6 disappeared through a then called black hole.
Kirk says that it must have emerged on the far side of the galaxy and got caught in the machine planet's gravity. Spock theorizes that the planet's inhabitants found the probe to be one of their own kind – primitive, yet kindred. They discovered the probe's 20th century programming, which was to collect data and return that information to its creator. The machines interpreted that instruction literally, and constructed the entire vessel so that Voyager could fulfill its programming. Kirk continues by saying that on its journey back, it amassed so much knowledge that it gained its own consciousness.
"Ilia" tells Kirk that V'ger awaits the information. Kirk calls Uhura on his communicator and tells her to find information on the probe in the ship's computer, specifically the NASA code signal, which will allow the probe to transmit its data. Decker realizes that that is what the probe was signalling – it's ready to transmit everything. Kirk then says that there is no one on Earth who recognizes the old-style signal – the Creator does not answer.
Kirk calls out to V'ger and says that they are the Creator. "Ilia" says that is not logical – carbon units are not true life forms. Kirk says they will prove it by allowing V'ger to complete its programming. Uhura calls Kirk on his communicator and tells him she has retrieved the code. Kirk tells her to set the Enterprise transmitter to the code frequency and to transmit the signal. Decker reads off the numerical code on his tricorder, and is about to read the final sequence, but Voyager burns out its own antenna leads to prevent reception.
"Ilia" says that the Creator must join with V'ger, and turns toward Decker. McCoy warns Kirk that they only have 10 minutes left. Decker figures out that V'ger wanted to bring the Creator here and transmit the code in person. Spock tells Kirk that V'ger's knowledge has reached the limits of the universe and it must evolve. Kirk says that V'ger needs a Human quality in order to evolve. Decker thinks that V'ger joining with the Creator will accomplish that. He then goes over to the damaged circuitry and fixes the wires so he can manually enter the rest of the code through the ground test computer. Kirk tries to stop him, but "Ilia" tosses him aside. Decker tells Kirk that he wants this as much as Kirk wanted the Enterprise.
Suddenly, a bright light forms around Decker's body. "Ilia" moves over to him, and the light encompasses them both as they merge together. Their bodies disappear, and the light expands and begins to consume the area. Kirk, Spock, and McCoy retreat back to the Enterprise. V'ger explodes, leaving the Enterprise above Earth, unharmed. On the bridge, Kirk wonders if they just saw the beginning of a new life form, and Spock says yes and that it is possibly the next step in their evolution. McCoy says that its been a while since he "delivered" a baby, and hopes that they got this one off to a good start.
Uhura tells Kirk that Starfleet is requesting the ship's damage and injury reports and vessel status. Kirk reports that there were only two casualties: Lt. Ilia and Captain Decker. He quickly corrects his statement and changes their status to "missing." Vessel status is fully operational. Scotty comes on the bridge and agrees with Kirk that it's time to give the Enterprise a proper shakedown. When Scotty offers to have Spock back on Vulcan in four days, Spock says that's unnecessary, as his task on Vulcan is completed.
Kirk tells Sulu to proceed ahead at warp factor one. When DiFalco asks for a heading, Kirk simply says "Out there, that-away."
With that, the Enterprise flies overhead and engages warp drive on its way to another mission of exploration and discovery.
- The Human adventure is just beginning.
Memorable Quotes Edit
"Sir, it's on a precise heading for Earth."
- - Branch asks an Epsilon crewmember about V'ger's destination
"They gave her back to me, Scotty."
- - Kirk, heading to the refitted Enterprise in a travel pod
"He wanted her back, he got her."
- - Sulu
"I'm replacing you as captain of the Enterprise. You'll stay on as executive officer, temporary grade reduction to commander."
"You personally are assuming command?"
- - Kirk regaining captaincy of the Enterprise from Decker
"Mr. Scott, an alien object of unbelievable destructive power is less than three days away from this planet. The only starship in interception range is the Enterprise. Ready or not, she launches in twelve hours."
- - Kirk
"No, sir. I don't think you're sorry. Not one damn bit. I remember when you recommended me for this command. You told me how envious you were, and how you hoped you'd be given a starship command again. Well sir, it looks like you found a way."
"Report to the bridge, commander. Immediately."
- - Kirk and Decker
"Admiral, we have just spent eighteen months redesigning and refitting the Enterprise. How in the name of hell do they expect me to have her ready in twelve hours?!"
- - Scott, to Kirk
"Ensign, the possibilities of returning from this mission in one piece may have just doubled."
- - Uhura
"Admiral, this is an almost totally new Enterprise. You don't know her a tenth as well as I do."
- - Decker to Kirk, on the new Enterprise
"Enterprise, what we got back didn't live long. Fortunately."
- - Starfleet transporter chief to Kirk, after the transporter malfunction
"Just a moment, captain, sir. I'll explain what happened. Your revered Admiral Nogura invoked a little known, seldom used reserve activation clause! In simpler language, captain, they drafted me!"
- - McCoy to Kirk, on returning to Starfleet
"Why is any object we don't understand always called a thing?"
- - McCoy
"Well, Jim, I hear Chapel's an MD now. Well, I'm gonna need a top nurse, not a doctor who'll argue every little diagnosis with me! And they've probably redesigned the whole sickbay, too! I know engineers. They love to change things!"
- - McCoy, on the new Enterprise
"Thrusters ahead, Mr. Sulu. Take us out!"
- - Kirk ordering the Enterprise out of drydock
"Well, Bones, do the new medical facilities meet with your approval?"
"They do not. It's like working in a damned computer center!"
- - Kirk and McCoy
"No casualties reported, doctor."
"Wrong, Mister Chekov, there are casualties. My wits! As in, frightened out of, captain, sir!"
- - Chekov and McCoy
"Well, so help me, I'm actually pleased to see you!"
- - Chapel and McCoy, as Spock arrives
"Spock, you haven't changed a bit. You're just as warm and sociable as ever."
"Nor have you, doctor, as your continued predilection for irrelevancy demonstrates."
- - McCoy and Spock
"Will you please sit down!!"
- - Kirk to Spock
"Moving into that cloud, at this time, is an unwarranted gamble."
"How do you define unwarranted?"
"You asked my opinion, sir."
- - Decker and Kirk
"This is how I define unwarranted!"
- - Decker to Kirk, after V'ger vaporizes Ilia
"I don't want him stopped! I want him to lead me to whatever is out there."
"And if that whatever has taken over his mind...?!"
"Then, he'll still have led me to it, won't he?"
- - Kirk and McCoy, on Spock
"Spock, this child is about to wipe out every living thing on Earth. Now what do you suggest we do? Spank it?"
- - McCoy, on the Ilia probe
"Your child is having a tantrum Mr. Spock!"
- - McCoy, after Kirk denies V'ger the wanted information
"I weep for V'ger as I would for a brother. As I was when I came aboard, so is V'ger now. Empty. Incomplete. Searching. Logic and knowledge are not enough."
- - Spock, with tears in his eyes
"Each of us, at some time in our life, turns to someone – a father, a brother, a god – and asks: Why am I here? What was I meant to be? V'ger hopes to touch its creator to find its answers."
""Is this all that I am? Is there nothing more?"
- - Spock and Kirk
"Touch God...? V'ger's liable to be in for one hell of a disappointment."
- - McCoy, after realizing that V'ger wishes to physically join with its creator
"Jim, I want this! As much as you wanted the Enterprise, I want this!"
- - Decker, before joining up with V'ger
"We witnessed a birth. Possibly a next step in our evolution."
"Well, it's been a long time since I delivered a baby and I hope we got this one off to a good start."
- - Spock and McCoy, on Decker's merger with V'ger
"List them as missing."
- - Kirk to Uhura, on Ilia and Decker
"Out there. Thataway!"
- - DiFalco and Kirk
Background information Edit
- This movie was the last Star Trek release to occur in the 1970s, and the only live-action one to take place in that decade.
- Grace Lee Whitney (Janice Rand) and Mark Lenard (Klingon captain) are the only actors, besides the original cast, to appear in both this film and the final Star Trek: The Original Series film, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. Lenard plays the Klingon captain in The Motion Picture and Ambassador Sarek in The Undiscovered Country, while Whitney plays Janice Rand in both films.
- Likewise, Majel Barrett and Leonard Nimoy are the only original series actors to participate in both this film and the first Star Trek movie set in the rebooted timeline, Star Trek. In The Motion Picture, Barrett played Dr. Chapel and in Star Trek she voiced the computer for the alternate Enterprise and in both films Nimoy portrayed Spock (in the 2009 film he played the Spock of the original "Prime" timeline). However, James Doohan's son Chris also appeared in both this film and the 2009 movie. In The Motion Picture he is in the recreation deck scene (with his twin brother Montgomery) when Kirk addresses the entire crew; and in Star Trek he is in the transporter room scenes as an engineering lieutenant commander.
- Also, Nimoy is the only actor to participate in both this film and the final Star Trek movie to date, Star Trek Into Darkness. In both films, Nimoy portrayed Spock.
- Also, Barrett and Nimoy are the only two cast members from the original pilot "The Cage" to appear in this first Star Trek film. Nevertheless, Nimoy is the only actor to portray the same character in both productions, having played Spock in both, whereas Barrett played Number One in the pilot and Dr. Chapel in the movie.
- Star Trek: The Motion Picture was one of the last heavily-marketed, non-animated big studio films with just a G rating, and the only Star Trek film to receive this rating (although in 2001, the director's cut got a PG for sci-fi action and mild language). Ever since, such productions were released with at least a PG rating. (citation needed • edit)
- Principal photography, the filming of scenes which required the principal cast, began on 7 August 1978 and was finished on 26 January 1979.
- Bruce Logan was the director of photography for the Klingon scenes. He was scheduled to be the Director of Photography (DP) on "In Thy Image", the pilot for Star Trek: Phase II, the immediate predecessor project of the movie.
- Fred Phillips saved Leonard Nimoy's ear molds from the Original Series. They were put back into use when the molds being made for the film were damaged.
- Academy Award-winning film legend Orson Welles provided the narration for many of the film's trailers. Director Robert Wise worked as film editor on Welles' first two films, Citizen Kane and The Magnificent Ambersons.
- The world premiere of the film took place in Washington, DC, at the Smithsonian Institute on 6 December 1979 as a fund-raising event for the National Space Club. A black tie affair, it was followed by a reception with all the film's stars and Gene Roddenberry at the National Air and Space Museum, complete with an orchestra playing the Jerry Goldsmith theme. (Some internet sites incorrectly state it was at the Kennedy Center.)
- The theme from the TV series is heard three times in the film. Each time it is used, it is for a "captain's log" dictation. The first one is heard just before Kirk engages the Enterprise's first warp test. The second time is when Spock is making his repairs to the warp drive, and the third time is when Kirk and McCoy are watching Decker and the Ilia-probe from Kirk's quarters.
- This film, and the last TOS cast film (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country), are the only two that do not use the original series fanfare in the opening credits of the film. That fanfare was not heard at all in the score to this film, and did not make an appearance until Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. Jerry Goldsmith did, however, bring the fanfare back for the subsequent Star Trek films he scored.
- Paramount sought and obtained a variety of design patents on some costumes, ships, and props from this movie.
- According to David Gerrold's The World of Star Trek, a blooper occurred in the scene where Kirk and Spock leave to investigate the intruder alert, William Shatner, as Kirk, tells Stephen Collins as Decker, that he has the bridge and Collins jumped down to the floor, grabbed the command chair and yelled like Daffy Duck, "It's mine! It's mine! At last it's mine! All mine!" which led Shatner to turn around and yell "I take it back!"
- In Gene Roddenberry's novelization of the film, the female lead Vulcan elder is given the name T'Sai.
- The five previous ships named Enterprise, which Decker shows the Ilia probe in the rec room are, according to Mike Okuda's DVD text commentary, an 18th century frigate, the much decorated World War II carrier, the space shuttle prototype, an unseen ship which was actually an early Matt Jefferies design for the TV Enterprise and of course, the original configuration of the Enterprise from the original series. Internet rumors from 2001 speculated that the unseen ship might be replaced by the NX-01 Enterprise; however, this did not happen. Christopher L. Bennett's novel Ex Machina establishes (albeit non-canonically) that the image of the NX-01 Enterprise was added after the events of this film. Incidentally, it was Jefferies, who had provided both the historical lineage concept and the artwork upon which the backlit transparencies of the vessels were based, for the Motion Picture's immediate predecessor, Phase II. It has set a tradition that was adhered to in the Star Trek: The Next Generation series and films, as well as in Star Trek: Enterprise. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, p. 94)
- According to an article written by Harlan Ellison (writer of the acclaimed Original Series episode "The City on the Edge of Forever") and published in Starlog magazine in 1980, Gene Roddenberry took Harold Livingston to arbitration with the Writer's Guild of America five times, seeking a screen credit for the film's screenplay. The Writer's Guild apparently sided with Livingston, as Roddenberry never received any credit for the script. However Alan Dean Foster did successfully arbitrate with the Writer's Guild as he had initially received no story credit at all, even though he had written an early draft of the "In Thy Image" script which was rewritten into the TMP script.
- This was the third of five official Star Trek productions to be adapted into View-Master reels.
- The Star Trek newspaper comic strip was launched in coordination with this movie, four days prior to its premiere. The character of Ilia is inexplicably featured in the first two story arcs, even though they take place after the events of the movie.
- The film was one of only a few Hollywood productions, and also one of the last along with Disney's The Black Hole, that introduces the film with an overture – a practice commonly used for "epic" movies. For that purpose, Jerry Goldsmith chose to present the auditory "Ilia's Theme", which he also referred to as a "love theme". The overture runs for approximately three minutes, and is then taken over by the film's concise main theme (which later became famous as TNG's main title) (20th Anniversary Special Edition soundtrack booklet).
- The V'ger sound effects were performed by the blaster beam – a musical instrument invented by former Star Trek actor Craig Huxley. The sound was created by several strings attached to an eighteen-foot aluminum body and amplified by motorized guitar pickups. The blaster beam effect was later reused in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (during Kirk's battle with Khan in the Mutara Nebula) Star Trek III: The Search for Spock (very briefly, during the theft of the Enterprise from Spacedock) and in Star Trek: First Contact for the spacewalk sequence and Picard's final encounter with the Borg Queen.
- In his commentary on the Star Trek DVD, J.J. Abrams (who can be seen in the DVD's gag reel wearing a TMP production jacket) stated that the reveal of the new Enterprise in that film was, as much as possible, intended as an homage to the "amazing" shuttle sequence where Kirk sees the refit Enterprise for the first time.
- The plot and script emerged from the un-produced pilot for Star Trek: Phase II, "In Thy Image". The film was adapted as a novel and as a three-part comic.
- Several props and costumes from this movie were sold off on the It's A Wrap! sale and auction on eBay, including Walter Koenig's uniform,  William Shatner's uniform,  a bio-monitor,  a beige class-B Starfleet uniform,  a brown class-A uniform belt,  several uniform patches,    a schematic lot of Enterprise deck one's exterior,  and many background uniforms and civilian costumes.   
- This film marks the first depiction of Earth in the 23rd century. Although a parkland near Christopher Pike's native Mojave was seen in TOS: "The Cage", this was merely an illusion created by the Talosians.
It is somewhat unclear as to what exact year the first Star Trek movie took place. Startrek.com , Star Trek: Star Charts (p. 39) and the Star Trek Encyclopedia, (3rd ed., p. 691) written by Michael Okuda, places The Motion Picture in 2271, stating that it took place 2.5 years after the end of the last five-year mission that in turn took place from 2264 to 2269 according to Okuda. This was based on Decker's line to Kirk, that the latter had "not logged a single star-hour in the last two and a half years" and Kirk's line to Scotty, "Well, two and a half years as Chief of Starfleet Operations may have made me a bit stale, but I certainly wouldn't exactly consider myself untried." This indicates a minimum of two-and-a-half years between the time the Enterprise returned to dry dock and the beginning of the first movie.
On screen however, in VOY: "Q2" (that aired in 2001, after the latest edition of the Encyclopedia was published) it is stated that Kirk's five-year mission took place a year later, and ended in 2270. This would establish the earliest point at which The Motion Picture could have taken place some time in 2272 or 2273 (depending at what point in 2270 the ship ended the five-year mission). Furthermore, Roddenberry – in his novelization – has Spock note a more precise span of 2.8 years (nine Vulcan seasons) since he left the crew.
On the other end of the spectrum, the latest this film could have taken place is in 2278, since the red The Wrath of Khan-style uniforms were in use by some time that year based on TNG: "Cause and Effect". The stardates mentioned in the film cannot be used to accurately date the events, since the four digit stardates beginning with 7, were used for fifteen years between 2270 and 2284, based on "Bem", "The Ensigns of Command" and Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. For their 2006 chronology Voyages of Imagination, Pocket Books set the film in 2273. The novel Triangle, set after The Motion Picture, takes place seven years after "Amok Time", in 2274. Due to all this obscurity, Memory Alpha leaves the exact dating open, and simply dates the film at the 2270s.
Costs and revenues Edit
- According to the Guinness Book of Records, when the movie was produced, it was the most expensive film ever made with a total production cost of US$46 million dollar (or $44 million dollar, according to the reference book Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series, p. 75). This proved incorrect however, as Superman: The Movie had an even higher budget at US$54 million, though the producers didn't give the exact figure for some years afterward. This doesn't take inflation into account, however; taking it into account, Cleopatra was, at the time, the most expensive film ever made. The budget for Star Trek: The Motion Picture included costs for the aborted Star Trek: Phase II series, as well as the earlier false starts in getting a Star Trek movie off the ground. (Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series, pp. 34, 69) The inclusion of these costs is debatable from a business economics point of view, since anywhere else in the corporate world research and development costs of projects that do not come to fruition are usually written off and are commonly charged against the balance sheets of corporations. This is a sound business generally accepted accounting principle (as stated in any business economics text book and where the principles are known under their acronym GAAP's) since it prevents cost price inflation with undue elements, therefore avoiding pollution of their viability assessment, of products that do come to fruition. Still, in the particular case of Phase II, an argument could be made for carrying over production costs already incurred to the Motion Picture, since some of those costs were applicable to the Motion Picture as well, such as those of the sets that were already constructed and the fees for production staff and cast already paid, who continued to work on the movie.
- This film was pre-sold, while it was still in production, to the ABC TV network for US$15 million dollar – or $10 million dollar according to performer Walter Koenig. (Starlog, issue 32, p. 58) That fee allowed two airings of the film, the first to run no earlier than December 1982. Its ABC premiere was on 20 February 1983, and its second run was in March 1987. (ABC ran the film a third and final time in the summer of 1989.) The television run of the movie marks one of the first times that scenes not incorporated into a theatrical cut were reintegrated for the television airing, making the television cut longer than the theatrical cut.
- In the spring of 1979, a second revenue source was additionally tapped long before the movie premiered. Charged with creating that stream was recently appointed vice-president of marketing and licensing, studio executive Dawn Steel. Then novice studio producer Jerry Bruckheimer recalled, "I was here doing American Gigolo when they were doing Star Trek. The budget was going up, up, up. They needed money to cover the negative. Eisner went to Dawn and said, "I want X amount of guarantees for this merchandising." She went to conventions and got every toy-maker, anyone who made T-shirts and key chains and raised every nickel she could. She shook the trees. There hasn't been that energy vortex in merchandise since she left." Steel however, had a problem since the production was running over schedule by that time, as she recalled, "I was a desperate person. There was no product, because there was no movie to show anyone. So I had to this razzmatazz bit onstage, so I could convince the people making pajamas and toys and Coca-Cola and McDonald's to do the tie-ins. I figured out the this laser thing. I beamed myself onto the stage." Held in the largest theater on the Paramount lot, and joined in a similar fashion by the principal cast, the imaginative presentation was met rambunctious enthusiasm. "It was the most unbelievable party Paramount ever had.", attending studio producer Brian Grazer recalled. As already indicated by Steel, the, at the time, most unlikely corporations to sign up were Coca-Cola and fast-food company McDonald's, "Coca-Cola bought all this network time to advertise our movie. It had never been done before." Crudely drawn comic strips (as no other imagery was available) were subsequently featured on the containers of both companies, a legendary one featured on those of McDonald's, featuring Klingons eating hamburgers and drinking Coca-Cola. McDonalds's very first outing in their "Happy Meal" concept, was Star Trek: The Motion Picture themed, coming in six boxes with items included such as bracelets, puzzles and the like. Impressed with her performance, studio COO Michael Eisner promoted her the following day to vice-president of productions in features, having been less than six months in the employment of Paramount. Steel went on to become one of the first female "Hollywood Moguls" by holding a position as studio head in the then predominantly male-dominated industry. (New York Magazine, 29 May 1989, p. 45; Star Trek: The Complete Unauthorized History, pp. 108-109) The amount thus generated for the studio has never been disclosed.
- The film earned US$11,926,421 in its opening weekend at the US box office, a record at the time, and its total domestic gross theatrical revenue was US$82,258,456.
- The total gross was, considering the marketing efforts and expenditures incurred, reported to be a disappointment for the studio. At first glance, this came as no surprise as Gerrold had noted, when he estimated shortly before its release that the film had to gross two to three times its budget to be profitable for Paramount, meaning it ultimately barely broke even in the home market if at all. (Starlog, issue 30, pp. 37, 63) Yet, a somewhat different spin on the studio's position – contradicted by their decision to do the Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan follow-up movie one year later – is put, when the additional foreign gross of $57 million, the gross world wide rentals of $79 million, the ABC pre-sale of $10 - $15 million dollar, the above-mentioned undisclosed licensing fees for associated merchandise and the equally undisclosed home media format sales are taken into account (but discounting revenue streams from home media format re-releases, merchandise and television rights, spawned in later decades and still trickling in to date). These figures were commonly not disclosed to the home public by the Hollywood studio system as it was until the mid-1990s customary in the American motion picture industry, to publicly judge the performance of a movie solely on how well it did in its home market, discounting other revenue streams which traditionally remained undisclosed. This used to be a conscious strategy policy as it afforded Hollywood studios certain decision-making advantages. If a movie did not do well in the home market, it allowed them to curtail future legal, artistic and financial requirements of hitherto successful producers and/or directors for subsequent productions – essentially preventing them becoming too expensive or too difficult to work with – using bad home market performances as negotiation arguments. A particularly notorious, even infamous example of this was the 1995 science fiction movie Waterworld of Director/Producer Kevin Costner, then famed and lauded for his exceptionally successful western Dances with Wolves (produced for $18 million dollar, it grossed $424 million dollar in world-wide ticket sales alone). At $176 million dollar, the most expensive movie ever made at the time, Waterworld failed at the home box office and it went on to become considered to this date as one of the biggest recorded disasters in motion picture history, severely damaging Costner and thereby diminishing his market value for the time being. What Universal Studios purposely did not disclose at the time however, was that the movie did well abroad, particularly in France and Japan, and that the additional revenue streams made the movie ultimately break even. But for Costner and his movie the damage was already done. From the mid-1990s onward, the traditional stance of Hollywood studios has since then become untenable due to the ballooning production costs of major motion picture productions.
- Likewise, Paramount Pictures now saw an opportunity to rid themselves from Gene Roddenberry. Ever since the inception the Original Series, Roddenberry was perceived by the studio as a thorn in their side, due to his unbudging character when it came to his Star Trek creation, of which he was zealously protective. At the time, it has forced him to remove himself from control of that series' third season (during the first two seasons, it was Herb Solow who ran interference for Roddenberry and the studio, but once the former was gone, so was Roddenberry), and during the production of the Motion Picture Roddenberry again had his share of run-ins with the studio. (Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, pp. 371-375) The studio now made Roddenberry the sole scapegoat for the in their eyes disappointing performance of the movie, faulting him for the high production costs due to the visual effect debacle, the incessant script rewrites and creative direction for the plodding pace. (From Sawdust to Stardust, pp. 240-241) Bumped "upstairs" in a ceremonial figure head role to the studio's equivalent of the Bermuda Triangle, Roddenberry was forced out of creative control of the Star Trek franchise. From here on end, Roddenberry spent his time incessantly writing story outlines (over time he became increasingly single-minded, fixated on a time travel story involving the Kennedy assassination), script drafts, annotations and the like, continuously trying to reintegrate himself with the creative development of the subsequent Star Trek films, only to be ignored entirely by the studio and production staff alike. As the subsequent movie production histories showed, none of the subsequent movie directors and producers ever consulted with Roddenberry in person or in writing again, his "Created by" and "Executive Consultant" credits for them notwithstanding, which amounted to nothing more than polite formal acknowledgments. Only once afterwards was Roddenberry allowed back in the driver's seat, in 1987, for the development for the new Star Trek television series, Star Trek: The Next Generation, only to have it yanked from under him again – officially for health reasons, which poignantly turned out to be actually accurate when he had his stroke in September 1989 – upon the conclusion of its first season, when the series turned out to be viable and was turned over to the studio's watchdog, Rick Berman. David Gerrold, again confirming that the studio blamed Roddenberry for the failure of The Motion Picture, stated, "Gene didn't like Rick, at all. But Rick was installed on the show by the studio as a way to keep a control on the show...to keep the budgets in line, make sure that the scripts were done. Ultimately, Berman ended up in control rather than Maizlish [note: Roddenberry's lawyer and business partner, who tried to gain creative control of the new show for his client] because Berman played the politics of the studio more effectively."  Returning to his role as figurehead, he continued his fruitless writings (particularly for Star Trek V: The Final Frontier) until his stroke, though this time politely acknowledged by studio and staffers due to his revitalized stature. (Star Trek Movie Memories, pp. 99, et al.) The Motion Picture has been the only major theatrical motion picture production Roddenberry has ever worked on.
- Another spin on the studio's position is put when one considered that, remarkably and despite its mixed reception, The Motion Picture was for three decades the best world-wide performing Star Trek movie adjusted for inflation, $422 million dollar in 2014 prices, even outperforming the highly successful movies Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home and Star Trek: First Contact ($284 and $222 million dollar in 2014 prices respectively) when inflation adjusted, and was only to be surpassed in 2009 with the advent of the movies set in the alternate reality. And even in absolute dollars, the movie still ranked fourth as of 2014.
- Implicating Roddenberry in the high production costs was in hindsight studio politics by COO Michael Eisner and his studio executive colleagues, adeptly turning a disadvantage into a publicity advantage by carefully managing cost information dissemination. Usually, corporations, regardless in what industry they are operating, are loathe to divulge costs, especially if a product is not doing well, but in this case aggregates were already made public shortly after the movie premiered. Roddenberry was indeed largely responsible for the script problems, which did cause production delays and thus over-budget expenditures, but the visual effects debacle situation (see below) was somewhat more nuanced. It was Post-production Supervisor Paul Rabwin who selected the unfortunate visual effects company Robert Abel & Associates. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, pp. 202-203) Still, being the primary managerial operations overseer as executive producer, Roddenberry formally did bear final responsibility for Rabwin's actions, which was skillfully exploited by the studio, made easier as Roddenberry lacked the political skills to maintain himself due to his character (In the aforementioned third season situation for example, Roddenberry, no longer shielded by Solow, grossly overestimated his value to the studio, when he threatened to leave that production, if certain demands were not met; The studio, stung by his surreptitiously orchestrating the letter writing campaign that for the time being saved the Original Series, was only too happy to call his bluff).
- Concurrently, Director Robert Wise, also bore some of the responsibilities of the high production costs, after he was brought aboard in March 1978 and was given near-carte blanche latitude by the studio. As was his habit for all the movies he worked on, Wise stipulated on that occasion that he was to have executive producer rights as well, which the studio granted, in the process curtailing those of Roddenberry. (Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series, p. 76) Nearly all non-script related production decisions made after March, were Wise's and not Roddenberry's. Wise's management style as producer did, for example, backfire in regard to the visual effects, and it was Roddenberry, of all people, who sounded the alarm when the situation started to spin out of control (see below). But Wise was never associated by the studio for the high production costs, as he was, consciously or not and unlike every other of his movies, never officially credited as producer and therefore shielded from criticism.
- While the studio itself has successfully deflected any performance responsibility for the movie from themselves, there actually was some blame to go around for them as well, already starting with the upgrade decision proper of 11 November 1977. Business economics generally states that a radical mid-stream course change for any product or project development, especially for one as advanced in development as Phase II was, is bad management decision making. If overriding reasons does make it imperative, huge transition costs, even if carefully managed, are by definition unavoidable. When Robert Wise was approached for the director's position, he recalled, "And when I first came into the film, I was told by Michael and Jeffrey [Katzenberg] that they were out to make a "top-notch picture", and that our budget stood at somewhere between fifteen and eighteen million dollars." (Star Trek Movie Memories, 1995, p. 87) Essentially speaking for all production staffers, when he was informed of the upgrade decision on 21 November 1977, Phase II Art Director Joe Jennings recalled in 2009, somewhat mellowed, but still aghast, "We were within two weeks of starting the new series, and somebody said, "Wheeew, let's make a motion picture!" Just like it was a whole different thing, you know. They've always thought that about the TV people. We did something, sort of down here and they did things that were sort of up there, that we could not do up here, what they did down there, whatever!" (Star Trek: 45 Years of Designing the Future) Both remarks implied that the upgrade was a "spur-of-the-moment" decision, whereas the somewhat flippant "top-notch picture" annotation by Eisner, additionally indicated that the consequences of their upgrade decision was neither thought through, nor fully understood by the studio.
- As an industry professional, Michael Eisner was aware of what the production budgets had been for the two most visually influential science fiction movies in the previous ten years, he had in mind for his "top-notch picture", 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) and Star Wars (1977), which was approximately $10 million dollar each (Close Encounters of the Third Kind had not yet premiered by the time of the upgrade decision). And when he set the initial movie budget at $15 million dollar, he could at first glance have been excused for thinking that this was ample. However, his budget included the costs already incurred for all previous revitalization attempts of the Star Trek live-action franchise, which included, among others, $500,000 for script development and $1 million dollar for the Phase II bridge set alone. (Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series, pp. 34, 69; Starlog, issue 27, p. 26) Adding to this other incurred, otherwise undisclosed costs, such as for the other Phase II sets, the studio models (all of which later discarded) and other production staff fees already paid, meant that the amount made available for the actual upgrade was substantially less than the publicized figure of $15 million dollar originally suggested. Furthermore, when inflation adjusted, the production costs of 2001 came to $18 million dollar in 1977 prices (incidentally, conforming to Eisner's adjusted remark when he approached Wise), all of which pointing at Eisner's original budget being on the meager side to begin with.
- In the case of Star Wars, Eisner & company, born, raised and formed in the traditional "Hollywood Studio System", failed to grasp that that movie was produced under unique and radically different circumstances. Firstly, George Lucas employed an, at the time, virtually unknown and therefore inexpensive, cast (the only two established names, Peter Cushing and Alec Guinness, agreed to perform in the movie for token fees); Secondly, Lucas combined within himself the roles of director, producer, as well as story and script development, affording him to maintain production integrity, and ensuring that the production stayed strictly on course creatively. In the case of the Motion Picture these roles were divided over at least a half dozen people, each with his own agenda and which resulted in the somewhat unstructured and drifting production history, a classic case of having too many helmsmen on the bridge; Thirdly, and most importantly cost-wise speaking, all effects were produced in-house. Lucas employed in his new Industrial Light & Magic company (later to play a significant part in the Star Trek movie franchise) a team of young, highly motivated and enthusiastic effects staffers, all sharing Lucas' visionary approach, and each of them willing to work for low wages and putting in huge amounts of unpaid overtime. Thus organized, Lucas was ensured of minimal meddlement by the powerful Hollywood Unions. (Industrial Light & Magic: The Art of Special Effects, Chapter 1)
- Paramount Pictures could never enjoy either advantage, if only for the fact that they, as a venerable and well-established motion picture industry corporation, were subjected to more stifling Hollywood Union regulation. The circumstance that two Paramount subsidiary companies, the visual effects companies Magicam, Inc. and Future General Corporation (FGC), provided a huge and substantial amount of The Motion Picture work for their mother company did not help at all either. Corporate laws in those territories employing the free market economy system, universally have it that the subsidiary structure of a corporation, if utilized, may not lead to unfair competition advantages in regard to companies not encompassed within a group. This translates in practice that these subsidiaries can not give parent, or sister companies undue advantages by offering them services or products at (below-)cost, and are to be treated as independent, outside companies with their own profitability responsibilities. As one of the most strictly applied corporate laws in the western world, the prerequisite is considered absolutely paramount in the US, EU and Australia especially, where authorities are singularly keen on enforcing this prerequisite, and any perceived transgression is traditionally met vigorously with hefty fines in these territories. It was exactly this circumstance Magicam's Vice-President Carey Melcher referred to, when he made the statement on the occasion of his company being reinstated as the primary studio model vendor for the Motion Picture in January 1978, "Even though we were a Paramount company, we had to submit bids just like any outsiders. We were expensive, because we're a[n] union shop, but they knew we could do the work." (Starlog, issue 27, p. 26) For a group as a whole (in this case, Gulf+Western), this has no consequences, as inter-company costs and profits within a group, cancel each other out in the aggregated, or consolidated, profit-and-loss statements, submitted to tax authorities. However, for Paramount Pictures proper, the profits made by Magicam and FGC did turn up on their individual profit-and-loss statement as production costs. While Paramount had done nothing untoward legally, it would have in hindsight behooved them, if they had taken these inter-company profits into account when acquiescing the publication of the aggregate production costs, allowing for a more honest assessment of the performance of The Motion Picture. As it turned out, the "inter-company" situation only played a part of any substance in the case of the Motion Picture, as it was not applicable in any of the later Star Trek film productions.
- As the previous points already implied, none of the studio executives, Michael Eisner especially, appeared to have a firm grasp of the products of the industry they were actually working for at the time, at least where visual effects heavy projects, such as The Motion Picture, were concerned. In the visual effects case, this was exemplified by Eisner's treatment of FGC and his later reaction to the visual effects crisis in July 1979. (see below), further indicated by his upping the initial budget to $18 million dollar within a month.
- Three years later, the studio made a big deal out of he fact that The Wrath of Khan, still produced under the auspices of Michael Eisner, was realized under its tight budget of approximately $11.5 million dollar, putting Roddenberry in an even worse light. (Cinefantastique, Vol 12 #5/6, p. 52; et al.) This too has to be taken with a grain of salt, as that movie made use of many visual, and special effects elements – both commonly responsible for the largest part of a science fiction production budget, as it already had been for the Original Series – previously produced for the Motion Picture, the studio models, props and sets in particular and even including the reuse of entire visual effects sequences, thereby realizing huge savings in effects costs not incurred, known in business economics as "opportunity costs". Common GAAP's have it elsewhere in the corporate world, that these costs should have been charged in proportion against this movie and in the same proportion deducted after-the-fact from the Motion Picture – or put more simply, amortized over both productions. As stated above, the studio actually did so in full for the Motion Picture in regard to costs made for prior revitalization attempts, further hinting at information manipulation. While Roddenberry was effectively put out to pasture, Eisner went on to become the, up to that point in time, highest paid media executive in history, when he switched over to The Walt Disney Company in 1984, receiving over $40 million dollar in 1988 alone. 
Visual effects Edit
- Though Roddenberry was later implicated in the high visual effects over-budget expenditures, Michael Eisner and his studio CEO colleagues could actually be as equally faulted as well, as they, prior to the movie upgrade, seriously mishandled the relationship with Paramount's subsidiary effects house, FGC led by Douglas Trumbull, as Trumbull years later bitterly recalled (the studio of course, did not share that information with the public at the time), "Paramount had no vision at all and [was] going through a big management change. The guy that I did the deal with was ousted, and Michael Eisner and Barry Diller came in and they couldn't see what I was trying to do and wanted to get rid of it. I don't know, there's just a whole train of disillusionment that accompanies my history in movies." wbm. Trumbull, one of the effects supervisors for 2001: A Space Odyssey, whose grandeur the studio wanted to emulate for the upgraded movie, was actually the first party approached for the movie's visual effects, but he had to decline as he and his company were knee-deep involved in the post-production of the science fiction classic Close Encounters of the Third Kind at the time. (Cinefex, issue 1, pp. 4, 6) How bad the relationship between the two parties already was by that time was exemplified by the fact that Trumbull failed to communicate that the work was close to completion, since Close Encounters already premiered on 16 November 1977, and that the studio immediately went in search for another company, making it debatable how sincere their inquiry was. As it turned out, both parties were to pay the price for their failure to communicate and Paramount was forced to come knocking on Trumbull's door later on during the production, hat in hand. A little more diplomacy on part of both sides could have prevented the visual effects debacle.
- After Douglass Trumbull had turned it down, it was visual effects company Robert Abel & Associates (RA&A) that was given the assignment to produce the film's visual effects, having tendered an initial bid of $4 million dollar for the commission and starting in January 1978. The company was selected by Paul Rabwin on the strength of their groundbreaking contemporary commercials, unaware that the company was at the time not ready to handle a project of this magnitude, while correctly assessing that Paramount's other subsidiary effects house, Magicam, who were to do the effects for the television predecessor, was not either. In Rabwin's defense, many studios were at the time interested in doing science fiction, and he had a hard time finding an available effects studio at all. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, pp. 202-203; Star Trek: Creating the Enterprise, 1st ed, p. 46) In the end, they indeed proved unable to provide visual effects that met the producers' requirements.
- While pulled from the visual effects production proper, Magicam was retained by RA&A for the construction of the studio models for the movie. This however, entailed discarding all the ones made for Phase II, deemed unsuitable to meet big-screen requirements, and starting all over again. (Star Trek: Creating the Enterprise, 1st ed, p. 46)
- Inexplicably, both the studio and director Wise failed to register that the departure of Post-production Supervisor Rabwin, who was not succeeded once RA&A was in place, had left a dangerous void in the production, as there was now no dedicated studio liaison and/or specialized supervisor, leaving an unsupervised RA&A pretty much to their own devices for nearly seven months. Apparently, Wise saw no need for one at the time, as he had none on the two science fiction movies he worked on before, The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951) and The Andromeda Strain (1971, and on whose strengths he was hired in the first place), instead dealing directly with the effects staffers in his role as producer. On both movies he was well served by conscientious effects staffers, especially on the latter one where it was Douglas Trumbull himself who directed the effects and with whom Wise formed a close relationship on that occasion. However, the effects requirements for these two movies were in no comparison to the ones needed for the project Wise was now working on, and he was forced to rely solely on the, by Roddenberry below quoted, "it sounds reasonable" word of RA&A's namesake Robert Abel, who, as it turned out, was also looking out after the interests of his own company.
- This situation translated itself in a continuous stream of budget increase requests from RA&A, something that, while no longer his purview, came to the attention of an alarmed Gene Roddenberry and it was he who alerted Michael Eisner to the fact that the visual effects situation was rapidly spinning out of control in a memo dated 24 July 1978, informing him that the visual effects budget had already hit the $5 million dollar mark. Roddenberry advised the studio to appoint liaisons between RA&A and the studio. Eisner immediately responded by appointing Richard Yuricich to the production and concurrently instructing studio executives Jeffrey Katzenberg and Lindsey Parsons Jr. to spend more of their time to the project. However, in doing so Eisner exhibited his lack of understanding and empathy as both Katzenberg and Parsons were at the time marketing/accounting managers, not yet movie makers and neither had any experience with visual effects whatsoever, whereas, intentionally or not, forcing Yuricich to serve as an unpaid liaison due to contractual obligations, was a particularly uncouth act on the part of Eisner, as an unwilling Yuricich was co-founder and co-CEO of the by Eisner maligned FGC. Roddenberry, who suggested him, was not aware of the problems between FGC and the studio, and unsurprisingly, Eisner's actions did not do much to remedy the situation. In his memo, Roddenberry predicted, "Indeed, we may not have heard the last of optical expediting expenditures. It is possible we could also have other expenditures in dollars and delays on optical techniques, systems and equipment which do not work out as planned. Major optical effects of this type carry many hazards under the best of circumstances, and the director and myself have an urgent need to make decisions on them from something more than "it sounds reasonable" basis." Roddenberry's prediction was in hindsight painfully accurate. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, pp. 203-204)
- Ironically, in a last ditch effort to regain control over the situation, it was Trumbull who was brought in as an unpaid consultant, only agreeing to do so as a courtesy to his old friend Robert Wise, around Christmas 1978. As it so happened, both Trumbull and Abel were headstrong characters and for the next two months they were locked in vicious combat with each other. Trumbull was ultimately not able to get Abel back on track and the situation proved to be unsalvageable. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, p. 203; Enterprise Incidents; special edition on the technical side, pp. 38, 42;)
- The situation came to a head on 22 February 1979, when studio executives and producers came sizing up the visual effects status at RA&A. Reportedly, the company had only a single completed effects shot to show for all the time and money spent. Sources are not quite in concordance with each other regarding costs incurred, mentioning figures such as $5 million (by Wise, though he had the July Roddenberry memo in mind, being sent a copy at the time, when recalling the figure decades later), and $16 million dollar (among others by RA&A's own Visual Effects Designer Richard Taylor ), the latter of which the most mentioned, but both indicating millions of dollars over-budget expenditures by December 1978. Feeling thoroughly dismayed and "being lied to", Wise pushed for the removal of Abel and, in an acrimonious atmosphere, the latter was fired on the spot and his company released, effective immediately. In a state of near panic, a frantic search for a replacement was started, as the studio now unexpectedly found itself extremely pressured for time since the December premiere date for the movie was a given. (Star Trek Movie Memories, 1994, pp. 119-120; The Special Effects of Trek, pp. 29, 31; Enterprise Incidents, issue 13, pp. 25-26; Starlog, issue 27, p. 26) As to the specifics in regard to Abel's over-budget expenditures, please refer to the individual entries for:
- Trumbull was ultimately given primary responsibility for the film's visual effects in March 1979 through his own visual effects company, FGC. Ironically, RA&A's Con Pederson, who was the second of four visual effects supervisors for 2001 (the others were Tom Howard and Wally Veevers) was one of Robert Abel's lead men. Paramount, stung by Trumbull's initial rejection and already at loggerheads with its headstrong manager as previously touched upon, withholding funding for a new project he had lined up and already in the process of shutting down FGC, now had to headlong reverse their policy, as Trumbull clarified, "I was under contract at Paramount, who began closing down Future General in order to provide my cameras to Bob Abel's company. At the same time, Bob was already a year into the production, trying to implement a radically new computerized and computer graphics driven process."  Getting back the equipment, he initially was forced to surrender to RA&A, Trumbull used the problems the studio were in as leverage to secure a proviso that he would be released from his contractual studio obligations if he accepted, as did Yuricich. For the work, Trumbull was able to partly reassemble his team he had on Close Encounters, but was forced to let go by the studio over a year earlier. Both Trumbull and Yuricich left FGC upon completion of the project.
- The problems with RA&A resulted in that virtually no visual effects were produced by the time Trumbull was brought in definitively, and he found himself particularly pressed for time, as the studio did not want to deviate from the planned December release. Trumbull, in turn, was therefore forced to sub-contract Apogee, Inc. in order to divide the workload. Apogee was operated by famed cinematographer John Dykstra, a former protégé of Trumbull, who had coached him on the 1972 science fiction cult movie Silent Running. Incidentally, Dykstra's company was one of the companies Rabwin approached for the effects commission in November 1977, but was unavailable due to their commitments to the pilot episode of the original Battlestar Galactica science fiction television series. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, pp. 202)
- Apogee was entrusted with the opening Klingon scene, the digitizing of Epsilon IX station scene, the wormhole mishap sequence, the V'Ger approach scenes and the V'ger-probe on the bridge scene. Part of their responsibility was, under the supervision of Grant McCune, having their model shop build a number of studio models for the film, including a two-foot articulated thruster suit puppet, three models of the Epsilon IX station (an entirely original Apogee design), and exterior sections of V'Ger, as well as extensively modifying Magicam's D7 class model for it to become the K't'inga-class model. (Cinefex, issue 2, pp. 50-72)
- All other effects visuals were the purview of FGC, including those of the interior scenes of V'ger, which required the build of several interior section models. While FGC operated an, at the time, small subsidiary model shop, Entertainment Effects Group (EEG), the sheer amount of models required, necessitated the subcontracting of additional model makers, which came in the form of Gregory Jein and his team. (Cinefex, issue 2, pp. 42-45)
- One RA&A visual effects sequence made it into the movie though, that of the wormhole (an early and primitive CGI effect), whereas the V'Ger probe on the bridge sequence was very much executed as designed and pre-produced by RA&A.  It earned the company a slightly diminutive "Certain Special Visual Effects Conceived and Designed by" credit, albeit near the bottom of the end credits roll.
- Despite the fact that two effects companies were working full-time on the visuals, Trumbull was still working 24/7 on the visuals one week before the movie was about to premiere, the final cut of the movie only completed by Wise one day before. (Cinefex, issue 1, p. 4). Not having been able to take a single day off for four months, Trumbull suffered from nervous exhaustion upon the completion of the work and had to be hospitalized for ten days afterwards, his personal price he had to pay for his part in the failure to communicate with the studio two years earlier. 
- Nearly missing the premiere date due to the visual effects debacle still had consequences, as Wise elaborated upon in the Director's Edition DVD audio commentary track, where he stated that out of the forty films he directed, Star Trek was the only one that never got a sneak preview. According to Wise, the visual effects came in so late, they didn't have time to preview the film to an audience and get some feedback and so they were stuck with just dropping the expensive effects into the film and basically having to rely on them. Wise also mentioned that he literally carried the first print of the film to the premiere and it was loaded into the projectors as they waited in the theater. Then, after the world premiere, he and Gene Roddenberry considered doing some more work on the film, but Paramount overruled them, saying it might show a lack of confidence in the film if they did that. Wise also said that the Director's Edition is a tighter cut and more focused on the characters, within the restrictions of the film's story.
- The fictional Voyager 6 probe around which V'Ger was built, was actually a full-scale mock-up of the real world Voyager 1 and 2 probes of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratories (JPL). JPL's director John Casani agreed to loan the model to the studio in October 1977, mere months after the actual Voyager probes were launched in August and September that year. Then Phase II Producer Robert Goodwin reported in a progress memo, dated 21 October 1977, "After your conversation with John Casani at Jet Propulsion Laboratories, JPL has agreed to loan us the mock-up of the Voyager, to be used as part of our set as the interior of the Alien Spaceship. Joe Jennings and Matt Jefferies attended a briefing in JPL last night in the Voyager and Joe Jennings will return there next week with Bud Arbuckle to get measurements so that we can incorporate this large full-scale mock-up into our plans for the set." (Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series, p. 52) According to the text commentary on the Director's Edition DVD, JPL was willing to go a step further and loan the production an actual engineering duplicate of the Voyager spacecraft, but the studio declined, saying that the risk of the duplicate being damaged on the set was too high.
- Magicam's studio model of the refit-Enterprise took over fourteen months, aggravated by mishap delays, to complete from start to finish and came in at a for the time staggering amount of $150,000. Even more staggering was the cost of the drydock model whose final tally totaled up to $200,000. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, pp. 207, 210) Yet, to put some perspective on the issue, the reference book Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series (p. 75), strongly indicated that the costs already incurred with the construction of their immediate Phase II predecessors, and which were simply discarded after the upgrade from a television production to a motion picture, had to be included.
- With nearly 500 visual effects cuts, it was reportedly the most effects laden motion picture to date. (Cinefex, issue 1, p. 4)
Construction Coordinator Gene Kelly (neither related to the McCoy performer, nor the famous dancer/actor) has compiled an overview statement on the costs and use of the Motion Picture sets, which was reproduced in The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture (p. 95):
- ↑ Footage was later discarded
- ↑ Footage was later discarded
- ↑ All figures rounded off to the nearest thousand
- ↑ Figure does not include $85,000 for special lighting
- ↑ Figure also includes the tram
While it is stated above that the studio included costs already incurred for previous revitalization attempts of the live-action franchise, Kelly stressed that the costs he listed are those that were exclusively made during the production of The Motion Picture proper, meaning from February 1978 onward. Of the bridge set for example, already nearing completion for the Phase II production, is known that it had already incurred over $1 million dollars in construction costs by the time the production was upgraded to a theatrical feature. (Starlog, issue 27, p. 26) Kelly's breakdown indicated that eleven of Paramount's thirty-two sound stages were in use for the single Star Trek production during 1978-1979, more than for any other production in Paramount's history up to that point in time. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, p. 94)
Saucer separation Edit
|Andrew Probert saucer separation concept art|
|Walk to V'ger concept||...as featured in the movie|
- Throughout most of the filming of The Motion Picture, a final ending story had yet to be developed. Production Illustrator Andrew Probert provided the producers with his own script suggestions for a visually dramatic conclusion, and storyboarded the key event, and Mego's licensed toy model of the new ship had instructions for separating its saucer from the secondary hull. For the record, the possibility of the original Enterprise's undergoing a saucer separation was first mentioned in the original series episode "The Apple". But it was not until the pilot episode of The Next Generation that the maneuver was finally depicted.
The walk to V'ger Edit
- Twenty-two years after The Motion Picture appeared in theaters, the film was re-released with the intention of depicting an improved version, closer to the director's original vision. The Director's Edition added a new sound mix and new scenes to Robert Wise's film, but one of the most notable changes from the original version is the stunning addition of new visual effects, specifically in how the mysterious craft V'ger is revealed. Since the walk to V'ger scene was the climax of the movie, it was important to convey a sense of the extraordinary and fantastic by using the new visual effects to complement the original film rather than overwhelm it. Critical opinion is mixed as to whether or not it succeeded. Some fans remained critical of the film they continue to refer to as "Star Trek: The Motion Sickness", "Star Trek: The Motionless Picture", or "Star Trek: The Slow-Motion Picture", as given to the original cut. (The World of Star Trek)
Production history Edit
While strictly speaking the production of Star Trek: The Motion Picture officially spanned the time period of December 1977 through November 1979, its history, as an attempt to bring back Star Trek as a live-action productions, stretched as far back as 1972, and as such these attempts were intertwined, especially if one considered the players involved, with some elements originating from those early attempts surviving long enough to turn up in edited form in the final production. This was especially true for the Star Trek: Phase II television movie, né series, -project, which directly preceded The Motion Picture, as much of the groundwork for The Motion Picture was laid during the pre-production of that project. Therefore, in order to fully appreciate the efforts that went into the production of The Motion Picture, a full overview of the live-action revitalization history is at its place.
June 1972 – June 1976: Early revitalization attempts Edit
- 22 June 1972: D.C. Fontana writes in Star-Borne about the possibility of a theatrical film. 
- 1973: Gene Roddenberry first approaches Paramount with an idea for a feature film. (Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, pp 420-421)
- 12 March 1975: Roddenberry signs a contract with Paramount to do a Star Trek movie with a $3 million dollar budget. (Star Trek - Where No One Has Gone Before, p. 62)
- May 1975: Roddenberry returns to the office he occupied during the production of the Original Series and writes a script called The God Thing, start of principal photography projected for the fall of 1975. By then the budget is increased to $5 million dollars. (Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series, p. 16; )
- 30 June 1975: First draft of The God Thing script is submitted to the studio by Roddenberry. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, p. 23)
- August 1975: The script for The God Thing is rejected by Paramount's President Barry Diller. (The Lost Series, p. 16)
- September 1975: Roddenberry, now with input from Jon Povill starts a new story and script outline for a movie, tentatively called Star Trek II with a new production start that is moved up to 15 July 1976, again moved up to January 1977 at a later point. (The Making of, p. 25)
- January 1976: The studio toys with the idea to turn "Star Trek II" into a television series and the property is handed over to the television division. Numerous Writers Guild of America writers turn in story pitches for episodes. (The Making of, p. 25)
- April 1976: All story outlines are rejected and the property is bounced back to the motion picture division of the studio. (The Making of, p. 25) Recently appointed COO Michael Eisner, misinformed by industry peers, at first does not believe in the viability of a science fiction proposition like Star Trek and now wants to cancel the project altogether, yet his colleague Jeffrey Katzenberg, who, as a Trekkie, is very much aware of the fan convention phenomenon surrounding the Original Series, believes in the potential, and convinces Eisner to push ahead with the development (Decades later, in 2002, Eisner nearly makes the same misjudgment mistake with Disney's Pirates of the Caribbean franchise).  Eisner now commissions new story outlines for which several authors are approached, which include noted science fiction authors like John D.F. Black (producer on the Original Series and writer of its episode "The Naked Time"), Robert Silverberg, the aforementioned Harlan Ellison, Ray Bradbury, and Theodore Sturgeon. (The Lost Series, pp. 16-17) Ellison, only involved in the production during this period, later recalls on Tom Snyder's "Tomorrow Show" how his and Roddenberry's story ideas are met by Eisner. Idea after idea is rejected including ones about time-travel, Adam and Eve, dinosaurs (a treatment of Bradbury's classic short story A Sound of Thunder and met with Eisner's remark, "It's gotta be bigger!"), and one where the Enterprise finds God – the real one – , to which Eisner responds after a brief pause, "Not big enough." 
July 1976 – May 1977: Star Trek: Planet of the Titans Edit
- 22 June 1976: Jon Povill tenders a proposal list of possible directors for a new Star Trek movie project, Star Trek: Planet of Titans, to be produced in Great Britain. The list includes names of later renowned directors such as Francis Coppola, Steven Spielberg and George Lucas, who at the time are still at the start of their careers. More established names include William Friedkin, George Roy Hill and Robert Wise. None of the directors are available though. (The Making of, p. 29)
- 1 July 1976: Jerry Isenberg is appointed executive producer for the project, bringing in British writers Chris Bryant and Allan Scott for the script treatment, who will start to do so in September. Povill now is appointed assistant producer to Isenberg (The Lost Series, p. 17; The Making of, p. 27)
- 6 October 1976: Paramount accepts the script treatment and gives green light to write the full script. Concurrently a movie budget is set at $7.5 million dollars. Illustrators Ken Adam and Ralph McQuarrie are subsequently brought in as concept artists. (The Lost Series, p. 17)
- 1 March 1977: Final Planet of the Titans script is submitted by Bryant and Scott. (The Lost Series, p. 19)
- April 1977: The script is rejected by the studio, and Philip Kaufman, hired previously as director, immediately undertakes a rewrite. (The Lost Series, p. 19)
- 8 May 1977: Kaufman's rewrite too, is rejected by the studio and Planet of Titans, by that time budgeted at $10 million dollars, is permanently canceled. (The Lost Series, p. 19)
May 1977 – November 1977: Star Trek: Phase II Edit
- 25 May 1977: Star Wars premieres. The resounding success of this movie is to play an important role in a series of decisions by studio executives regarding the Star trek production. (Star Trek: 45 Years of Designing the Future, et al.)
- Late May 1977: Even before the series is announced, Roddenberry, together with Povill, who has rejoined him as story editor, starts writing the Star Trek II Writer's/Director's Guide, otherwise known as the "Writer's Bible", dubbed after the similar internal document already used for the Original Series. The new guide is actually an updated rewrite of the original. Aside from Roddenberry and Povill, Robert Goodwin and Harold Livingston, upon being hired, will make substantial contributions to the guide as well. (The Lost Series, pp. 83-103)
- 10 June 1977: The television series Star Trek: Phase II is officially announced as the flagship for Paramount's newly conceived fourth television network, with a two-hour television movie as the series pilot, set at a budget of $3 million dollars, slated for a February 1978 broadcast, with principal photography to start on 28 November 1977. Roddenberry is again to serve as the executive producer. Officially, the series was to be called Star Trek II. (The Lost Series, pp. 21-22, 49; The Making of, p. 34)
- June 1977: Robert Goodwin and Harold Livingston are brought in as producers to form the nucleus of the production team, Goodwin as operations manager and Livingston for story and script development. Goodwin fulfills for the production the role, Robert Justman had on the Original Series. – Actually, Justman had been approached for the position by Roddenberry, but for as of yet undisclosed reasons, he subsequently did not return Justman's calls when the latter reported for work. Justman later claimed that if he had been there, some of the mistakes in the making of the film could have been avoided. (Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, p. 432) – Subsequently, the senior staff of the art department, responsible for the visual look of the production is filled. Initially, Original Series veteran Matt Jefferies is offered the position, but he declines tenure, agreeing only to serve on a temporary basis as a technical consultant. In his stead he recommends another veteran, Joe Jennings, his assistant on the second season of the Original Series, and who is appointed art director. Jefferies immediately starts the redesign work of his Original Series creations, the bridge of the Enterprise and the ship itself, whereas Jennings starts design work on the other sets. (The Lost Series, pp. 23-26) Concurrently that month, Roddenberry's longtime personal assistant, Susan Sackett, starts her series of "Star Trek Reports" for Starlog magazine, in which she keeps readership appraised about the progress of the Star Trek live-action production, starting in issue 6. The reports run through issue 29, 1979, and are to be the starting point, for her book The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, the writing she embarks upon, directly pursuant her "Reports" and finished a month before The Motion Picture is completed. She will appear in the The Motion Picture recreation deck scene as an Enterprise science division crewmember alongside a multitude of other Star Trek fans.
- July 1977: Hiring of creative production staff continues unabated, and in this month Jenning's art department is beefed out with Set Designer Lew Splittsberger, Graphic Artist Lee Cole and Assistant Art Director John Cartwright. A noticeable addition to the production staff is another Original Series veteran, William Ware Theiss, reprising his role as costume designer. (The Lost Series, pp. 28-29)
- Late July 1977: Paramount's plans for a fourth television network are abandoned due to lack of advertiser's interest. The Phase II project is upheld however, in order not to lose the $500,000 already incurred in development costs – for all previous revitalization attempts – as well as not to lose several hundreds of thousand more due to "pay-or-play" commitments to contracted cast. Yet, Phase II is now no longer a television series pilot, but a medium sized stand-alone television movie, re-set at a budget of $8 million dollars. (The Lost Series, pp. 34, 69)
- 25 July 1977: Alan Dean Foster is contracted to write the story for the pilot episode of Phase II, with an option to write the teleplay as well. (The Lost Series, p. 31) The bridge set construction is started on this day on Paramount Stage 9, for which yet another Original Series veteran was brought aboard on recommendation of Jefferies, Special Effects Artist Jim Rugg. (The Making of, p. 36)
- 31 July 1977: Alan Dean Foster, with input from Goodwin, submits a story treatment for Phase II, entitled "In Thy Image", which was actually in part based on a story called "Robot's Return" written for Roddenberry's television series Genesis II, which had not been picked up after its pilot episode. (The Lost Series, pp. 31, 33; ) The sentient robot theme does not sit well with some of the highest studio executives for religious reasons, and for over a year the theme is resisted by them. Though by that time too late to alter the story, their fears are only allayed when Penthouse magazine publishes an interview in their October 1978 issue (incidentally, also featuring a Leonard Nimoy interview) with Nasa's director of their Institute of Space Studies, Robert Jastrow, in which he broaches the subject favorably. (Star Trek: The Complete Unauthorized History, p. 101)
- 3 August 1977: Other set construction is started as well; Stage 8 is assigned for the planetary sets, Stage 9 for the Enterprise sets and Stage 10 as a backup set for what Goodwin calls "swing sets". NASA scientist Jesco von Puttkamer is for the first time mentioned in an internal memo from Goodwin as a technical consultant. Von Puttkamer, a Star Trek fan and later to receive an official credit as "Special Science Advisor", will continue to provide his services well into the production of the Motion Picture. Puttkamer is for the production, what Harvey P. Lynn had been for the Original Series. (The Making of, pp. 36-37)
- 9 August 1977: A further Original Series veteran, Mike Minor is interviewed for the position of (Production) Illustrator, and subsequently signed on recommendation by Jennings, who had been Minor's mentor at the start of the latter's career. A few days earlier, Robert McCall has been interviewed for the position, but was passed over in favor for Minor. McCall is yet to work on the Star Trek production, nearly two years later. (The Making of, p. 37)
- August 1977: Harold Livingston starts work on the adaptation of the "In Thy Image" treatment into a motion picture screenplay.
- 12 August 1977: The new Star Trek II Writer's/Director's Guide is completed and distributed. (The Making of, p. 39)
- Late August 1977: Robert Collins is hired as director for "In Thy Image". The casting process is started up immediately for which casting directors Pat Harris and Marcia Kleinman, under the auspices of Head of Casting Hoyt Bowers, are the primary responsible staffers. (The Lost Series, pp. 40, 355)
- Early September 1977: Magicam, Inc, a Paramount subsidiary, is contracted for the visual effects of Phase II, including the construction of the studio models. They have outbid Original Series visual effects company Howard Anderson Company, with whom Goodwin was also engaged in detailed negotiations during the previous month. (The Making of, p. 37) In order to alleviate work pressure on Magicam's modelshop, headed by Jim Dow, Brick Price Movie Miniatures is sub-contracted for the build of the new Enterprise model, based on the redesign by Jefferies, Jennings and Minor. Price brought along NASA technician Don Loos as its lead model maker. Price also starts the design and construction of props. (Starlog, issue 27, p. 26; The Lost Series, p. 27) Additionally, Magicam sub-contracts Gregory Jein for the build of the three-foot D7-Class studio model, using the actual Original Series model, on loan from the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, as a template. The Klingon vessel is at the time endowed with the designation Koro-class heavy cruiser. (The Lost Series, p. 64) This was Jein's very first official Star Trek assignment, but not his last by a long shot, as, firstly, he was not done with this production yet, and secondly, he was to provide the franchise with a plethora of models for later Star Trek live-action incarnations. wbm To oversee the effects production, relative newcomer in the motion picture industry, having just turned 30, Paul Rabwin is appointed in the vital role of post-production supervisor. As his title already suggests, he will be responsible for all post-production aspects of the production and his role is comparable to the one Bill Heath, and more specifically Edward K. Milkis, had on the Original Series.
- 12 September 1977: William Shatner is signed to reprise his role as Captain James T. Kirk, after lengthy negotiations that started in July. (The Lost Series, p. 43)
- 26 September 1977: David Gautreux is cast in the role of Xon. However, his casting becomes somewhat unhinged for awhile as Majel Barrett, recast as Christine Chapel, raises some objections. Barret, unaware that both the series concept and the character of Spock were already dropped, fears that the Original Series "unrequited love of Chapel for Spock" plot-line will not play well against an actor as young as Gautreux, requests an older actor to play against. A new test-screening is called with both Gautreux and an older British actor in mid-October, but the older actor's performance is "absolutely abominable" and Gautreux is definitively reaffirmed by the third week of October. (The Lost Series, pp. 53-54)
- 21 October 1977: Livingston turns in his completed screenplay, 17 days overdue. (The Lost Series, p. 50)
- 22 October 1977: In a lengthy expose to hundreds of Star Trek fanclubs, Gene Roddenberry publicly announces what was already known for quite some time in production circles, that Leonard Nimoy will not reprise his role as Spock, finally confirming the rumors that have abounded for months. Negotiations with Nimoy had actually already been conducted since the 1975 The God Thing project, but by July it has become abundantly clear that Nimoy emphatically declined the rigors of a weekly television show. It is for this reason that the Xon and Commander Decker characters, dividing between them the part Spock played on the Original Series, are conceived for the new series. (The Making of, p. 39)
- 27 October 1977: Persis Khambatta and an unidentified actress hold their screen tests for the part of Ilia. Neither actress require their heads shaven yet on this occasion, instead they wear bald caps. Khambatta is the one who is signed the following. (The Lost Series, p. 54)
- 11 November 1977: The decision is made by the studio to upgrade Phase II from a television movie to a full-blown theatrical motion picture production, for which the budget, initially set at $15 million dollar by studio CEO Michael Eisner, is by April 1978 already upped to $18 million dollar. (The Making of, pp. 47, 85; The Lost Series, pp. 69, 75)
- 21 November 1977: The executive upgrade decision is disseminated through the lower production echelons, and production on Phase II is suspended in order to ascertain the requirements for a motion picture production, save for the construction of the studio models. The start on the new production is moved up to March or April 1978 in order to make the necessary upgrade changes to scripts, sets, wardrobes, production assets, etc. Production crew such as make-up artists, hair dressers, cameramen, stand-in performers, set dressers and the like, just hired that week, are immediately fired. Veterans Matt Jefferies and Jim Rugg by that time had already left the production earlier that month, the former to return to his regular job. (The Making of, p. 47)
December 1977 – December 1979: Star Trek: The Motion Picture Edit
- 1 December 1977: Post-production Supervisor Paul Rabwin, together with Roddenberry and Director Collins, inspect the studio models to see if they hold up in big-screen resolution. With them are Robert Abel and Richard Taylor of Robert Abel & Associates (RA&A) to help them out with the analysis. Both men realize they do not. After Rabwin submits a findings memo five days later, construction on the models is now halted too. (The Lost Series, pp. 69, 72)
- December 1977: Writers are blissfully unaware of the upgrade and episode scripts keep pouring in right until January. Povill, Livingston and Roddenberry intentionally keep them in the dark, by continuing to annotate their work. Yet, gossip columnist Rona Barrett does blow the whistle in her Rona Barret's Hollywood December issue tabloid, with her largely correct report that Phase II has been halted and that Roddenberry is offered an opportunity to make a theatrical movie. The studio goes on record vehemently denying the supposition, only willing to concede that the premiere has been postponed from February to Autumn 1978, and that the projected series is expanded from thirteen to between fifteen and twenty-two episodes. (The Lost Series, p. 67)
- 12 December 1977: Rabwin also inspects the sets and deems them salvageable, albeit with additional upgrading and detailing. To this end he has Director Collins and Camera Man Bruce Logan start shooting test footage and lens tests of the sets on this date, among others of the engineering set, but now with anamorphic lenses, required for wide-screen movies, to get a feel of how these sets will translate on theater screens. Shooting of this test footage continues throughout this, and the subsequent week. (The Lost Series, pp. 67, 73, color inset)
- 30 December 1977: Due to ever increasing creative differences with Roddenberry, causing the relationship between the two men to sour considerably, Producer Harold Livingston decides to leave the Star Trek production after turning in his last report, effective immediately. (The Lost Series, p. 73) With RA&A set for the visual effects, Paul Rabwin too has left the production to pursue other ventures.
- Early January 1978: RA&A, who have tendered a bid of $4 million dollars, is signed for the visual effects for what is now Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Its namesake, Robert Abel, is the main responsible effects producer/director, whereas Taylor will serve as effects designer.  Brick Price Movie Miniatures is released from the production (Jein had already left after completion of his one assignment). It is now definitively decided to discard all the, in various states of completion, Phase II models and start all over again, with RA&A being responsible for the necessary redesigns. To this end Robert Abel establishes a subsidiary art department company, Astra Image Corporation (ASTRA), responsible for all art work and design. Aside from his visual effects duties, Richard Taylor is to serve as its Art Director, working on par with Paramount's Art Department, headed by Jennings. Magicam, released from the visual effects production, is retained as a studio model shop only, and it is they who are to build the models. A noticeable addition to ASTRA is future Star Trek alumnus, Andrew Probert, who is to assist Taylor with the redesign work as production illustrator, most notably that of the Phase II Enterprise. (The Making of, p. 202; Star Trek: Creating the Enterprise, 1st ed, p. 46)
- 5 January 1978: In a budget allocation memo, Goodwin allows for a salary allotment for Leonard Nimoy as Spock, indicating that the production staff at least now considers Spock as instrumental for the new movie. Studio executives though, for reasons mentioned below, still hold out. (The Lost Series, p. 65)
- Early February 1978: While awaiting the redesigns, Magicam, upon receival of Taylor's blueprints, specifying the new movie dimensions, starts model construction with the build of the new Klingon battle cruiser studio model. The early start is facilitated by the fact that the basic design of the model is to remain unchanged. Magicam's Chris Ross is appointed lead modeler on the construction. (American Cinematographer, February 1980, p. 153)
- February 1978: Life returns to the abandoned and near-complete bridge set on Stage 9, as RA&A shoots test footage in order to ascertain visual effects requirements, with extras still clad in Original Series/Phase II uniforms. To this end, an internal document, "Enterprise" Flight Manual, intended to instruct the stage effects technicians on wiring up all of the work station's control panel backlits, working switches and indicator lights as well as giving performers basic button-pushing lessons, is distributed among the various departments that month, prior to shooting. The manual was a few months later updated to reflect the design changes that were implemented after April. (The Lost Series, pp. 78, 104-108)
- Late February 1978: Even though redesign work has just started up, construction is started on the new "hero model", the refit-Enterprise as well. This early start is made possible due to the fact that Roddenberry emphatically vetoes any notion of the radical redesign Taylor has in mind, ordaining that the lines as set by Jefferies are to be observed. Magicam's Chris Crumb, is appointed lead modeler on the build. (Star Trek: The Magazine Volume 2, Issue 8, p. 85; Starlog, issue 27, p. 29) Nevertheless, due to the fact that redesigned elements are continuously added, at first by Taylor and Probert and subsequently by Douglas Trumbull, means that the model will not be completed for another fourteen months. (The Making of, p. 207)
- Early March 1978: After negotiations that lasted for two months, Robert Wise is signed on as director and producer. He was already suggested by Jon Povill as one of the possible directors to direct Planet of the Titans back in 1976. Wise's unwillingness to share producer credit with "that kid in jeans", causes Robert Goodwin (who was thirty at the time) to leave the production in disgust. Phase II director, Robert Collins, too is released from the production. Povill is officially promoted from story editor to associate producer. As it will turn out, Wise is only to officially receive a director's credit, and not one as producer. That credit is reserved for Roddenberry only, even though his influence is considerably curtailed by the studio, after Wise comes aboard, who essentially takes over as the primary overseer of the production. (The Lost Series, p. 76)
- March 1978: One of the first things Wise does is replacing William Theiss, considering his costume designs sub-par. Wise brings Robert Fletcher aboard as the new costume designer. (The Lost Series, p. 62) Wise also brings along his regular production illustrator of many years, Maurice Zuberano, who is primarily tasked with the re-imagining of what is to become V'ger. (The Making of, pp. 81-82) As far as the Star Trek fanbase is concerned Wise's most important contribution this month is to bring back Leonard Nimoy as Spock. Wise, who in turn is enticed by his wife Millicent and her father, ardent Trekkies (which Wise himself is not) to do so, only accepts the assignment on the condition that Spock is brought back. Aside from the officially given reason that Nimoy does not want to commit to the rigors of a weekly show, there is an unofficial reason as well; Nimoy has since the end of the Original Series been involved in a conflict with the studio over residual amenities of the use of his likeness on merchandise, for which neither he, nor any of his co-stars, ever received any financial compensation. Up to that point the studio has steadfastly refused to give in, but now, on Wise's insistence, the studio caves and the conflict which had dragged for a decade is resolved within a week with a "check for a reportedly substantial figure", and Nimoy is signed on (The deal is advantageous for Shatner as well, since he and Nimoy had entered into a mutual covenant, which stipulated that, simply put, what the one got so did the other, and the compensation they receive, charged against the movie, adds yet another undue element to its cost price). Millicent will be rewarded for her input with a cameo as one of the Enterprise crewmembers, gathered for the briefing scene on the recreation deck of the refit-Enterprise, were she appeared alongside a multitude of other Star Trek fans. Wise's only child, son Rob Wise, will also serve on the movie as assistant cameramen, as is his nephew, Doug Wise, as assistant director. An important change this month, is Wise's addition of Richard H. Kline as director of photography, responsible for the principal photography. Kline thereby replaces Bruce Logan as such, who is made the main responsible cinematographer for the second-unit photography. (The Making of, pp. 79, 186)
- 27 March 1978: The royalties conflict now resolved, Leonard Nimoy is finally signed for the movie. (Star Trek: The Complete Unauthorized History, p. 101) Nimoy has expressed trepidations for his character, as the script does not yet allow for the Spock character, but as soon as he is confirmed, a frantic series of yet another round of rewrites is started to get the Spock character into the movie. This however, has ramifications for the Xon character, as it is now dropped as a principal character, and indeed, even the Decker character, which is not yet cast, is in doubt. Gautreux is offered the consolation role of Commander Branch. (The Lost Series, p. 77; Star Trek Movie Memories, 1995, pp. 87-88)
- 28 March 1978: Star Trek: The Motion Picture is announced to the public at Paramount Pictures in the largest press conference held since the 1920s. (The Making of, pp. 50-51)
- April 1978: Gene Roddenberry begs Livingston to return as script development had hit a brick wall. Livingston only agrees to do so after a meeting with Wise and additionally secured guarantees from studio executives Michael Eisner and Jefferey Katzenberg, specifying his own working conditions and that he is to have as little as possible to do with Roddenberry. (The Lost Series, p. 76) Harold Michelson is brought in by Director Wise as production designer, replacing Joe Jennings as head of the art department. Michelson is responsible to perform redesigns on the Phase II sets in their various states of completion for their motion picture use. Like Jennings, most of the art department staff stays on as well. A new staff member is Production Illustrator Rick Sternbach, a future Star Trek alumnus, while remaining uncredited for The Motion Picture. (The Making of, pp. 85, 87)
- May 1978: RA&A, feeling compelled to do so by ever increasing studio demands, ups their original bid for the visual effects with $750,000, the first raise of many. (The Making of, p. 203)
- Mid-July 1978: Brick Price Movie Miniatures, previously released from the Star Trek production is now signed for (mostly) hand-held prop manufacturing, three weeks before the start of principal photography, though they were never to receive an official credit for it. (Starlog, issue 20, p. 71) The Klingon D7-class model is the first studio model completed and delivered for filming. Test footage is shot of the model, but Taylor decides that the model needs additional detailing and reverts the model back to Magicam/ASTRA for rework. (Starlog, issue 27, p. 29; American Cinematographer, February 1980, p. 179)
- 19 July 1978: Shooting script.
- 24 July 1978: In a memo Roddenberry informs the studio that RA&A has made an additional $220,700 request for the visual effects. Sensing that problems are brewing, Roddenberry advises the studio to appoint liaisons between RA&A and the studio. Michael Eisner immediately responds by appointing Richard Yuricich (as of yet unpaid) to the production and concurrently instructing studio executives Katzenberg and Lindsey Parsons Jr. to spend more of their time to the project. (The Making of, pp. 203-204)
- 25 July 1978: After nearly a full year, the role of Captain Decker is still to be filled, when a final round of cast interviews is held. The continuous script rewrites, resulting in perpetuous changes in the characterization of Decker – even going as far as considering whether or not the character is needed at all for the movie – , are in no small measure contributing to the arduous process of filling the role. Nine actors are interviewed this day, aside from Stephen Collins, Andrew Robinson too is interviewed for the role. (The Making of, p. 104)
- 26 July 1978: Make-up artist Fred Phillips shaves Persis Khambatta's head in preparation for her role. (The Making of, p. 6) The act is recorded and later included in the documentary The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture and in the special feature "A Bold New Enterprise" on the 2001 Star Trek: The Motion Picture (The Director's Edition) DVD release.
- 1 August 1978: Stephen Collins is signed for the role of Decker. Decker is the final primary character to be cast. The passed-over Robinson is yet to return to the Star Trek franchise. (The Making of, p. 6)
- 7 August 1978: Principal photography begins with Scene 64 featuring Sulu and Chekov and taking place on the bridge set on Stage 9, where the camera pans the set, right before Admiral Kirk's arrival, is the first scene filmed. William Shatner and Nichelle Nichols are on hand to shoot their respective Kirk and Uhura scenes later that day. The cast find their new Starfleet uniforms, newly designed by Robert Fletcher, uncomfortable to wear and generally dislike them. Heeding the performers complaints, Fletcher will completely redesign the uniforms for the subsequent movie outings. Due to fatigue, a close-up on Shatner's face is postponed to the following day, constituting already the very first shooting schedule delay. Photography is started without the benefit of a completed script, which is still lacking an ending. Writing and re-writing of script drafts will continue unabated over the course of the subsequent months. (The Making of, pp. 1-7, 57; Star Trek Movie Memories, pp. 102, 104)
- 8 August 1978: The second-unit film crew moves to Yellowstone Park and starts filming the planet Vulcan sequence. Director Wise and performer Nimoy, for his first Spock sequences, join them shortly, and the sequence will take three days to film. (The Making of, p. 173)
- 16 October 1978: The crew gathering sequence for Kirk's mission briefing on the just completed recreation deck set on Stage 8 is shot. Assembled are 300 extras of which 100 males and 25 females are notable Star Trek fans, like Bjo Trimble and Denise Tathwell; the others are Screen Extras Guild performers, with an additional number of production staff affiliates like Susan Sackett and Millicent Wise. The shooting concludes the following day and the extras are released with a few exceptions for an additional shot on the overhead catwalk. (Starlog, issue 32, pp. 57-58)
- 24 October 1978: Second-unit filming of still outstanding segments of the wormhole sequence; First-unit filming of outstanding Vulcan segments with Nimoy on the Vulcan set in the B-tank. A late afternoon meeting is held between Roddenberry, Wise, Livingston, Nimoy and Shatner in which the latter two gain script approval rights. (Starlog, issue 32, p. 58)
- 8 November 1978: Yet another script meeting for the still unscripted Act Three ending between Roddenberry, Livingston, Wise, Nimoy and Shatner and filming is suspended that day. Recently famed by his role on Mork ans Mindy, comedian Robin Williams tours the sound stage on his bicycle, explaining to the cast that he is a big fan of the show and is invited in onto the bridge of the Enterprise. According to Walter Koenig, "his wide-eyed admiration not withstanding, his squeaky-voiced reaction to all the buttons and panels is, "Hmmmm, microwave!"" (Starlog, issue 32, p. 60) The role of Berlinghoff Rasmussen on the Next Generation will later be explicitly written for him, though Williams will be unable to do the part.
- 24 November 1978: Walter Koenig finishes his Chekov sequences and is released from the production. His subsequent presence will only be required for promotional and public relations purposes. Koenig has kept a detailed journal during his involvement during the production, and immediately starts transforming it into his book, Chekov's Enterprise, released shortly after the premiere of the movie in February 1980. (Starlog, issue 32, p. 61)
- 29 November 1978: The completed and final script draft is distributed at last, with only a mere two months left on principal photography. (The Making of, p. 57)
- Late December 1978: By Christmas, the situation with RA&A is spiraling out of control and creative and financial conflicts between the company and the studio intensify to the breaking point. Douglas Trumbull, who only one year earlier had turned down the visual effects assignment, is brought in as an unpaid technical consultant. Trumbull, who by then has a very strained relationship with the studio, only agreed to do so as a courtesy to his old friend Bob Wise, who personally requested his input. (The Making of, p. 203)
- 26 January 1979: Principal photography ends, with scene 391, the "V'ger fusion" scene between Decker and the Ilia-probe, the very last scene shot. Originally scheduled to finish on 31 October 1978 (shortly thereafter revised to 22 December), principal photography as initially budgeted is three months overdue. At $4,000 a day for stage time, this means an additional over budget cost of roughly $250,000 for principal photography alone. Three second-unit scenes though, for which the principal cast was not needed, the San Fransisco air tram station, the Klingon bridge and the Epsilon IX bridge sequences, still remain outstanding, as are the visual effects sequences. These sequence will be shot throughout the spring and summer, the visual effect ones extending well into the autumn of 1979. (The Making of, pp. 7, 188, 191-193)
- 10 February 1979: The traditional "wrap party", celebrating the end of principal photography, is held at Liu's Chinese Restaurant and Chez Moi Disco on 140 South Rodeo Drive, Beverly Hills, and is open to everyone involved with the Motion picture and their retinue. (The Making of, p. 195)
- 22 February 1979: Studio executives and producers come sizing up the visual effects situation at Robert Abel & Associates. The company reportedly had only a single completed effects shot to show for all the time and money spent, already four million dollars over budget at sixteen million dollars by December 1978. In an acrimonious atmosphere, Abel is fired on the spot and his company released, effective immediately, starting a frantic search for a replacement, as the studio now unexpectedly finds itself extremely pressured for time since the release date for the movie was a given. (The Special Effects of Trek, pp. 29, 31)
- Early March 1979: Douglas Trumbull's visual effects company, Future General Corporation, is signed for the visual effects. Both his and co-founder Richard Yuricich's participation in the production now becomes formal. Having initially been forced to surrender his equipment to RA&A, Trumbull now returns the favor, aside from getting back the equipment, by usurping several of Abel's key staffers, which include among others Robert Swarthe, Scott Farrar and Tom Barron. Barron acquires on this occasion several pieces of equipment, which are not to be used anymore. Acting upon a hunch he stores them away for a few years, and they will become the foundation of later regular Star Trek motion control photography supplier Image G. (Star Trek: The Magazine Volume 3, Issue 1, p. 60) Trumbull also establishes on this occasion a subsidiary company of FGC, the Entertainment Effects Group (EEG) which replaces ASTRA as art department. Andrew Probert is one of the very few ex-ASTRA employees retained by Trumbull, who has him work on the interior re-design of the Klingon battle cruiser bridge, discarding the one previously done by Jennings. Concurrently, EEG will serve as the legal entity, responsible for the handling of the studio models during filming. To this end, several Magicam model makers transfer to the new company to insure the proper handling of the models. Unlike FGC, EEG will survive the production of the Motion Picture to become the renowned 1980's-1990's visual effects company Boss Film Studios. Trumbull also sub-contracts John Dykstra's Apogee, Inc. in order to divide the workload. (see above)
- March 1979: While devising the visual effects shots, Trumbull brings in Robert McCall, with whom he had already worked before on 2001: A Space Odyssey and where the two men became close friends, as production illustrator in order to help out with visualizing the various V'ger scenes. Much of what McCall, who had been passed over for Mike Minor nearly two years earlier, will conceive is indeed translated onto screen by Trumbull. (Star Trek: The Magazine Volume 2, Issue 8, pp. 70-73) Another noticeable new addition to EEG is artist Matthew Yuricich, brother of Richard and with whose work Trumbull is already acquainted with, when both men were working together two years earlier on Close Encounters of the Third Kind. Yuricich will create all the matte paintings for the movie. During this month, the San Fransisco air tram station sequence is filmed. William Shatner has to return for this sequence. Shatner is the only principal cast member who has to return to the production, after principal photography had wrapped. (The Making of, p. 193)
- May 1979: The refit-Enterprise model is just about finished and ready for delivery for filming, when a studio staffer, wanting to to impress his female guest during an illegal visit, turns on the lighting of the model incorrectly and destroys the circuitry in the saucer section. The subsequent repairs by Magicam delays delivery of the model by nearly two months. (Star Trek: Creating the Enterprise, 1st ed, p. 55)
- Early July 1979: Greg Jein returns to the Star Trek production when Trumbull, as EEG, tasks him with the construction of several detail miniatures for Spock's spacewalk inside V'ger. (Cinefex, issue 2, pp. 42-45)
- 4 July 1979: Mishap continues to bedevil the Enterprise model. The filming of the model has just started, when during one of the very rare days off during this period, the fourth of July holidays on Wednesday, an air conditioning unit on the set springs a leak, and drips water on the model, severely damaging the bridge module of the model. EEG model makers Mark Stetson, Kris Gregg and Ron Gress (the former two now ex-Magicam employees) have to pull all-nighters for four days to repair the damage, straining the visual effects production schedule even further. (Star Trek: Creating the Enterprise, 1st ed, pp. 55-56)
- Late July 1979: Jein receives an additional commission, as Trumbull is struck with the realization that no work has been done yet on the interior studio models of V'ger. With interior shots photography by FGC slated to commence in three to four weeks time, Jein shanghais a veritable "army" of twenty to thirty friends and acquaintances, many of whom aspiring studio model makers, he had met over the previous years in the movie memorabilia and science fiction convention circuit. Among them are Lisa Morton, Don Pennington and most notably Bill George of future ILM fame. These three staffers will later be reacquainted with the franchise. (Cinefex, issue 2, pp. 42-45)
- 31 July 1979: In order to cover legal liabilities for the staff he brings along, Jeins needs to form his own company, Gregory Jein, Inc.  The new company is also formally sub-ordinated to EEG.
- 29 November 1979: Last visual effects shot is completed. (Cinefex, issue 1, p. 4)
- 30 November 1979: Wanderer Books Star Trek: The Motion Picture Peel-Off Graphics Book
- Early December 1979: Douglas Trumbull is hospitalized for ten days, due to nervous exhaustion. 
- December 1979: Pocket Books Novelization.
- December 1979: The documentary The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, a specialty promotional tool, is shown nation wide at public venues, such as train stations.
- December 1979: Marvel Comics Super Special #15 (comic adaptation).
- December 1979: Soundtrack LP record release.
- December 1979: View-Master adaptation.
- 5 December 1979: Post-production work is finally finished and the final cut of the movie is delivered for distribution. (Cinefex, issue 1, p. 4) Regretting he has not been able to hold a screening before test audiences, Robert Wise himself rushes the fresh cut to the theater for its premiere. (Variety, 24 December 2001, p. 21)
- 6 December 1979: Washington, DC premiere.
- 7 December 1979: US theatrical premiere.
- 13 December 1979: Sydney, Australia theatrical premiere.
- 20 December 1979: UK theatrical premiere.
- 21 December 1979: Melbourne, Australia and Ireland theatrical premieres.
1980s releases and merchandising Edit
- 1980: Pocket Books Photostory adaptation.
- 1980: Wallaby Books Star Trek: The Motion Picture Blueprints.
- 1980: The Mind's Eye Press USS Enterprise cutaway poster
- 1 January 1980: Australia theatrical general release.
- 17 January 1980: Argentina (as Viaje a las estrellas: La película) theatrical premiere.
- February 1980: Pocket Books Chekov's Enterprise (book)
- March 1980: Wallaby Books The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture (book).
- 18 March 1980: Spain (as Star Trek - La película) and Brazil (as Jornada nas Estrelas: O Filme) theatrical premieres.
- 19 March 1980: France (as Star Trek, le film) theatrical premiere.
- 21 March 1980: Portugal (as O Caminho das Estrelas) theatrical premiere.
- 27 March 1980: West Germany (as Star Trek: Der Film) theatrical premiere.
- 28 March 1980: Finland (as Star Trek: Avaruusmatka) theatrical premiere.
- 2 April 1980: Sweden theatrical premiere.
- 7 April 1980: Norway and Denmark premieres.
- 17 April 1980: Brazil (as Jornada nas Estrelas: O Filme) theatrical premiere.
- April 1980: Marvel TOS #1 (comic reprint 1 of 3).
- May 1980: Marvel TOS #2 "V'ger" (comic reprint 2 of 3).
- June 1980: Marvel TOS #3 "Evolutions" (comic reprint 3 of 3).
- 19 June 1980: Netherlands theatrical premiere.
- 5 July 1980: Japan theatrical premiere.
- October 1980: US video release (VHS and Betamax formats).
- 25 October 1980: Taiwan theatrical premiere.
- 22 March 1981: Capacitance Electronic Disc (CED).
- 1981: US LaserDisc.
- 1981: UK LaserDisc.
- May 1981: UK video release (VHS and Betamax formats).
- 4 September 1981: Iceland theatrical premiere.
- 26 October 1981: Turkey (as Uzay Macerasi) theatrical premiere.
- 20 February 1983: US Network Television Premiere on ABC Television Network as the first public showing of what came to be called the "Special Longer Version". The added footage, running for twelve minutes, was largely unfinished and cobbled together for the network premiere and is met with skepticism by Director Robert Wise, who had never wanted the footage to be included in the final cut of the film in the first place. ("Trek director Waxes Wise on new DVD", Bruce Kirkland, Toronto Sun , 6 November 2001, p. 46)
- 1983: US LaserDisc (Special longer version).
- 1983: US Betamax (Special longer version).
- 3 September 1984: UK television premiere on ITV.
- 1985: Japan VHD.
- 7 July 1985: Japan LaserDisc.
- 1986: Soundtrack CD 1st release.
- 25 April 1986: East Germany theatrical premiere.
- 25 October 1990: Soundtrack CD 2nd release.
- 1991: France LaserDisc.
- 1991: Germany LaserDisc.
- 1991: Netherlands LaserDisc.
- 7 December 1992: VHS.
- 10 March 1994: Japan LaserDisc.
- 1994: US and Europe VideoCD.
- 2 April 1997: VHS Widescreen.
- 26 January 1999: Soundtrack CD 20th Anniversary Collector's Edition.
- 6 November 2001: Director's Edition theatrical premiere.
- 9 November 2001: Director's Edition Region 1 DVD.
- 13 May 2002: Director's Edition Region 2 DVD.
- 12 May 2009: Original theatrical release Blu-ray.
- 22 March 2010: Remastered original theatrical release Region 2 DVD.
- 5 June 2012: Soundtrack release, La-La Land Records.
- 30 April 2013: Star Trek I: The Motion Picture Blu-ray Directors Edition reported release. The announced release date proves to be premature though, as it turns out that Paramount Pictures had failed to maintain ownership over the CGI elements that were added to the Director's Edition. Former employee Adam Lebowitz of Foundation Imaging, the visual effects company responsible for the newly conceived elements, reports that all these elements were left on the company servers when they were auctioned off after the company went out of business, which would mean that the studio has to painstakingly recreate all these elements.  Still, his former Foundation colleague, Robert Bonchune, strongly indicates that these elements are still in existence, as some ex-employees had made backups, including Bonchune, of all the Star Trek files on their own computers, and can be made available to the studio if they are so inclined.  As of 2014, the status of a Blu-ray release remains yet unknown.
- 10 September 2013: Remastered original theatrical release Region 1 DVD.
- The highly anticipated movie has received copious contemporary coverage in period magazines, most notably in movie and genre periodicals, Starlog magazine in particular. Yet, there was was one very remarkable exception; The usually very Star Trek friendly genre magazine Cinefantastique did not cover the movie at all, save for a short editorial article in Vol 9 #3/4, 1979. As it turned out however, extensive copy was written by freelance writer Preston Neal Jones for a planned The Motion Picture themed double-issue. Due to editorial problems because of the volume of text, that issue, despite advertisements in the magazine to the contrary, never came to fruition. However, 35 years after the movie's release, the text was announced as voluminous reference book for an October 2014 release as Return to Tomorrow - The Filming of Star Trek: The Motion Picture.
- The film review website Rotten Tomatoes calculated a 45% overall approval rate for The Motion Picture, as of 2014 the third lowest of all Star Trek films. 
- In his 1983 special Leonard Nimoy: Star Trek Memories, Leonard Nimoy spoke briefly about the film saying: "It was a very finely crafted film, and it did well. But from the actor's point of view frankly, it was frustrating. We didn't feel that we were getting to play the characters that we enjoyed playing in the way that we knew how to play them. And it was frustrating for Gene Roddenberry too. It wasn't the story or script he had wanted, and the gaps seemed filled with too much emphasis on special effects."
- Though eagerly awaited, Star Trek fans were by and large in agreement with Nimoy's assessment at the time, especially where the lumbering pace of the movie was concerned, and endowed the movie with humorous, if unflattering, sobriquets such as "Star Trek: The Motion Sickness", "Star Trek: The Motionless Picture", or "Star Trek: The Slow-Motion Picture". (The World of Star Trek) As if to underscore the validity of their denominations, Matt Jefferies, who had done design work for the predecessor Phase II, related when he was invited to a pre-premiere viewing, "I went to the first movie. I was invited to the screening. I fell asleep. John Dwyer noticed it from across the screening room and said, "Matt, wake up." Fortunately nobody else in there knew me." wbm
- Another sobriquet given to the movie was "Where Nomad Has Gone Before", which reflected the criticism that the story was too reminiscent of several Original Series episodes, first and foremost the second season episode "The Changeling", where the sentient robot Nomad was featured. 
Awards and honors Edit
The mixed reactions to the movie notwithstanding, did not prevent Star Trek: The Motion Picture to receive several award nominations, including three Academy Awards. The special and visual effects in particular were in general well received. The movie was nominated for the following awards and honors.
|1980||Academy Awards||Art Direction||Art Direction: Harold Michelson, Joe Jennings, Leon Harris, John Vallone; Set Decoration: Linda DeScenna||Nominated|
|Music (Original Score)||Jerry Goldsmith|
|Visual Effects||Douglas Trumbull, John Dykstra, Richard Yuricich, Robert Swarthe, Dave Stewart, Grant McCune|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Original Score - Motion Picture||Jerry Goldsmith|
|Hugo Awards||Best Dramatic Presentation||Screenplay by Harold Livingston, Story by Alan Dean Foster and Gene Roddenberry, Directed by Robert Wise|
|Saturn Awards||Best Make-Up||Fred B. Phillips, Janna Phillips, Ve Neill|
|Best Costumes||Robert Fletcher|
|Best Music||Jerry Goldsmith|
|Best Supporting Actress||Nichelle Nichols|
|Best Supporting Actor||Leonard Nimoy|
|Best Actress||Persis Khambatta|
|Best Actor||William Shatner|
|Best Director||Robert Wise|
|Best Science Fiction Film||-|
|Best Special Effects||Douglas Trumbull, Richard Yuricich, John Dykstra||Won|
|2001||DVD Exclusive Awards||Best Audio Commentary||Robert Wise, Douglas Trumbull, John Dykstra, Jerry Goldsmith, Stephen Collins||Nominated|
|Best Overall New Extra Features, Library Title||-|
|Best DVD Menu Design||1K Studios|
|Best New, Enhanced or Reconstructed Movie Scenes||Producer: David C. Fein, Restoration Supervisor: Michael Matessino, Visual Effects Supervisor: Daren Dochterman||Won|
|2002||Saturn Awards||Best DVD Classic Film Release||-||Nominated|
|2012||IFMCA Awards||Best Archival Release of an Existing Score||Music by Jerry Goldsmith, Album Produced by Didier C. Deutsch, Mike Matessino, Bruce Botnick, MV Gerhard, Matt Verboys and David C. Fein, Liner Notes by Jeff Bond and Mike Matessino, Album Art Direction by Jim Titus (La-La Land)||Won|
- The novelization of TNG: "Encounter at Farpoint" establishes that Captain Picard first boarded the Enterprise-D via shuttlecraft, a process later canonized in TNG: "All Good Things...". According to the novel, Picard recalled how the then-Admiral Kirk had unwittingly begun a tradition of captains coming to their ship for the first time via shuttle instead of transporting aboard including the irony that no one really thought of the fact that Kirk traveled to Enterprise in a travel pod because of a serious transporter malfunction.
- The novel The Return, written by William Shatner, states that the "Living Machines" that Voyager 6 encountered on its journey were the Borg.
- The novel Ex Machina establishes that of all the original crew, only Scotty and Uhura were long term members of then-Captain Decker's crew. Chekov and Sulu had only been assigned back to Enterprise only hours before Kirk transferred aboard, as Admiral Nogura wanted as many of the original command crew back on the ship as was possible for the emergency mission. According to the film, Scotty had been working on the refit and according to the novel, Decker had personally recruited the entire crew, making it the most diverse of species ever seen aboard a starship up until that point. Decker had even recruited Uhura to help recruit many of the nonhuman crewmembers. During a conversation between Sulu and Uhura, Sulu mentions that Decker was considering making Uhura his executive officer, thus adding new subtext to her first line spoken while on the bridge during prelaunch: " my people are all tied up here!".
Merchandise gallery Edit
Links and referencesEdit
The writing completed before the movie premiered, Sackett has added a provisionary end credit roll for the movie in her book, The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture (pp. 217-221), which differed from that as ultimately featured. While cast and primary production staff were featured as projected, there were some noticeable differences; several title descriptions were changed and especially amongst production staffers there were inclusions that were previously not considered whereas others that were initially, were now excluded. A very noticeable example of the latter, was future Star Trek alumnus Rick Sternbach, who now missed out on an official credit for the Motion Picture as a consequence. Where applicable an annotation is made.
- All credits
- Uncredited co-stars
- Richard Arnold as an Enterprise crewmember
- Rosanna Attias as an Enterprise crewmember
- Fred Bronson as an Enterprise crewmember
- Bobby Butz as an Enterprise crewmember
- Gordon Cardoza as an Enterprise crewmember
- Celeste Cartier as an Enterprise crewmember
- JoAnn Christy as a Vulcan science division crewmember
- Vern Dietsche as an Enterprise crewmember
- Christopher Doohan as an engineering crewmember
- Montgomery Doohan as a science division crewmember
- Walt Doty as an Enterprise crewmember
- John Dresden as a Starfleet security officer (slated for credit as "Security Officer")
- Scott Dweck as a Vulcan science division crewmember
- Don Fanning as a Zaranite Enterprise crewmember
- Dennis Fischer as an engineering crewmember
- Cassandra Foster as an Enterprise crewmember
- Barnetta Fowler as an Enterprise crewmember
- David Gerrold as a command division crewmember
- Brenda Gooch as an Enterprise crewmember
- William Guest as an Enterprise crewmember
- John Hayes as an Enterprise crewmember
- Sharon Hesky as a Federation civilian
- Bill Hickey as a science division crewmember
- Betty Kennedy as a Federation civilian
- James T. Kirk as an Enterprise crewmember
- Katherine Kurtz as an Enterprise crewmember
- Art Lake as an Enterprise crewmember
- Steven Lance as a Rhaandarite Enterprise crewmember
- Randall Larson as an Enterprise crewmember
- Don J. Long as an Enterprise crew member
- Leah Livingston as an Enterprise crew member (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, p. 38)
- Greg Mace as an Enterprise crewmember 
- Winnie McCarthy as an Unnamed Epsilon IX technician
- Michelle as an Enterprise crewmember
- Barbara Minster as an Enterprise crewmember
- Beth Moberly as an Enterprise crewmember
- Ve Neill as an Enterprise crewmember
- Zack Richardson as an Enterprise crewmember
- Linda Robertson as an Enterprise crewmember
- Susan Sackett as a science division crewmember
- Eileen Salamas as an Enterprise crewmember
- Frank Salsedo as Enterprise crewmember
- Kaith Shiozaki as an Enterprise crewmember
- Kathleen Sky as an Enterprise crewmember
- Jay Smith as an Enterprise crewmember
- Louise Stange-Wahl as a science division crewmember
- Leigh Strother-Vien as an Enterprise crewmember
- Cedric Taporco as a Saurian Enterprise crewmember
- Denise Tathwell as an Enterprise crewmember
- H. Teague as an Unnamed Epsilon IX technician 
- Bjo Trimble as a science division crewmember
- Vincent as a Saurian Enterprise crewmember
- John Watts as an Andorian Enterprise crewmember
- Green Whitaker as a Federation civilian
- Marlene Willauer as a civilian crewmember
- Millicent Wise as an engineering crewmember
- Unknown performers as
- Uncredited stunt performers
- Lightning Bear
- Tom Morga as
- Kim Washington as stunt double for Nichelle Nichols
- Uncredited production staff
- Robert Abel - Robert Abel & Associates: Special Effects Director
- Bernie Abramson - Second Unit Director of Photography
- John L. Black - Key Grip
- Jim Chirco - Craft Serviceman
- Bill George - Gregory Jein Inc.: Model Maker
- Ron Gress - Entertainment Effects Group: Model Painter
- John Grower - Astra Image Corporation
- William Guest - Special Effects: Special Props and Miniatures
- "Hersey" - Production Illustrator (The Art of Star Trek, pp. 162-163; Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series, color inset/otherwise unknown)
- Pierre Jalbert - Editor/Dialogue Editor
- Dennis Jones - Sound-Boom Man
- Alexander Lepak - Percussionist
- Michael Lynn - Costumer
- Dan Maltese - Set Designer (slated for credit as "Set Designer")
- William Mass - Costumer
- Lisa Morton - Gregory Jein Inc.: Model Maker
- Steve Neill - Makeup Artist
- Debbi Nikkel - Apogee, Inc.: Production Accountant
- Don Pennington - Gregory Jein Inc.: Model Maker
- Charlie Schram - Makeup Artist
- Rick Sternbach - Production Illustrator (slated for credit as "Illustrator")
- Rick Stratton - Lab Technician: Makeup Department
- William Sully - Illustrator
- Carlos Yeaggy - Makeup Artist
- Uncredited production companies
- Gregory Jein, Inc. - Model making company, subcontracted by Entertainment Effects Group
1999; Amar, IKC; Andorians; air tram; Air tram 3; Air tram 14; air tram station; asteroid; astronomical unit; audiovisual association; binary code; biofunction monitor; black hole; bluff; carbon-based lifeform; carbon unit; carrier wave; cc; Columbia, USS; com station; Constitution-class; Conrad; courier; Creator; dalaphaline; drydock; Deltans; Delta IV; Doctor of Medicine; Earth; emotion; Entente, USS; Enterprise, USS; Epsilon IX station; exocrine system; field coil; flight deck; flow sensors; God; Golden Gate Bridge; grade 1 priority; ground test computer; inertial stabilizer; Klingons; kolinahr; K't'inga-class; Laika; light cube table; linguacode; lunar beacon; machine planet; megahertz; Merrimac, USS; micro-miniature hydraulics; molecule; multiprocessor chip; NASA; navigational deflectors; Nogura; oath of celibacy; orbital office complex; osmotic micropump; plasma energy; photic sonar; planetary defense system; pons; Probert; Quad L-14; Quasar 7; radio; recreation deck; remote communications drone; Revere, USS; San Francisco; San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge; sensor drone; Sol; Sol system; space matrix restoration coil; spanking; spinal nerve fiber connection; spray applicator; Starfleet Operations; Starfleet Order 2005; Surak; thruster suit; tractor beam; transporter sensor; travel pod; Travel pod 5; twelfth power; V'ger; Voyager 6; Vulcan; Vulcan (planet); Vulcan embassy; Vulcan master; Vulcan mind meld; Vulcan nerve pinch; wormhole; wormhole effect; Yerba Buena Island
Background references Edit
Aaamazzarites; Arcturians; Betelgeusians; Enterprise; USS Enterprise XCV 330; Federation-class; Hermes-class; K'normians; Kazarites; Megarites; Ptolemy-class; Rhaandarites; Rigellians; Saladin-class; Saurians; Shamin; Zaranites
Further reading Edit
- American Cinematographer, February 1980 - The Motion Picture theme issue
- The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, March 1980
- "Into the V'Ger Maw with Douglas Trumbull", Don Shay, Cinefex, issue 1, March 1980, pp. 4-33
- Cinefex, issue 2, August 1980
- "Greg Jein-Miniature Giant", Brad Munson, pp. 24-49
- "Star Trekking at Apogee with John Dykstra", Don Shay, pp. 50-72
- "Star Trek: The Emotional Picture", Chapter 4, Star Trek Movie Memories, August 1995, pp. 81-124
- "The Dream Fulfilled: STAR TREK THE MOTION PICTURE", Part Two-Chapter One, The Art of Star Trek, November 1995, pp. 153-200
- Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series, March 1997
- Star Trek: The Magazine Volume 2, Issue 8, December 2001 - The Motion Picture theme issue
- Star Trek: Creating the Enterprise, December 2012
- Star Trek: The Motion Picture at Wikipedia
- Star Trek: The Motion Picture at the Internet Movie Database
- Faces in the crowd - exhaustive list of fan extras compiled by Ian McLean
- Star Trek I: The Motion Picture at StarTrek.com, the official Star Trek website
- Star Trek: The Motion Picture at Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek works
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